The Indus Valley Civilization, dating to 2600 BCE, was first discovered at Harappa. . Attaining self-sufficiency in agriculture has shifted the focus of the strategies towards small and medium farming, stress on barani areas, farms-to-market roads, electrification for tube-wells and control of water logging and salinity. The hardest part of the summer is then over, but cooler weather does not come until late October. During the Mughal empire, many Hindus increasingly adopted Sikhism. educated population by level of education. The city of Sirkap founded by Demetrius combines Greek and Indian influences without signs of segregation between the two cultures. labour force participation rates. Punjab also includes several mountainous regions, including the Sulaiman Mountains in the southwest part of the province, the Margalla Hills in the north near Islamabad, and the Salt Range which divides the most northerly portion of Punjab, the Pothohar Plateau, from the rest of the province. Faisalabad (Punjab, Pakistan): population: 5.28 million. Oxford University Press. The religious breakdown of the Pakistani population is as follows: Muslims: 205,500,000; Ahmadiyya in Pakistan: 2,000,000; Christians: 4,000,000; Hindus: 4,500,000; Buddhists: 106,989; Sikhs: 30,000; Zoroastrian/Parsis: 6,000; Animist s, Baháʼí Faith, Atheists: Pakistanis around the world It is especially dominant in the service and agriculture sectors of Pakistan's economy. World Population > India Population Punjab Population Punjab is a state of India, located in norther part of India bordered by Jammu and Kashmir in the north, pakistan on the west, Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh on the west, Haryana and Rajasthan on the south. ", "Thus the various centres of learning in different parts of the country became affiliated, as it were, to the educational centre, or the central university, of Taxila which exercised a kind of intellectual suzerainty over the wide world of letters in India. City District Government. District at a glance T T Singh. Gandhāra was an ancient kingdom situated in the northwestern region of Pakistan, in the Peshawar valley and Potohar plateau with its capital at Taxila in modern northwestern Pakistan. It is therefore a significant cultural and ethnic melting pot. ... Indian Punjab shares its border with the Pakistani Punjab. Akbar established two of his original twelve subahs (imperial top-level provinces) in Punjab: After the death of the last great Mughal emperor Aurangzeb, in 1707, Mughal authority significantly weakened but didn't totally vanish despite Nadir Shah's invasion in 1739. Under Kanishka, Gandhara became a holy land of Buddhism and attracted Chinese pilgrims eager to view the monuments associated with many Jatakas. The major and native language spoken in the Punjab is Punjabi (which is written in the Shahmukhi script - one of the oldest scripts used for writing Punjabi) and Punjabis comprise the largest ethnic group in the country. When the divisions were restored as a tier of government in 2008, a tenth division – Sheikhupura Division – was created from part of Lahore Division. Data tables, maps, charts, and live population clock. The state population was recorded to be 29,673,462 (2.96 Crore) in 2016. Other crops include rice, sugarcane, millet, corn, oilseeds, pulses, vegetables, and fruits such as kinoo. In the mid-fifteenth century, the religion of Sikhism was born. Livestock and poultry production are also important. Zusätzlich werden sie in zwei Gruppen geteilt. He told the meeting that the provision of … In 326 BCE, Alexander the Great invaded the tip of Punjab near present-day Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan, defeating King Porus. Cooler/ Foggy / mild weather (October to March). The provinces and federal territories as well as all cities of over 100,000 inhabitants. 1972, 1981, 1998, 2017 census. population by sex, sex ratio, average household size and growth rate. Ranjit Singh was not without opponents who challenged his authority in the regions he had conquered. Kanishka was a great patron of the Buddhist faith; Buddhism spread to Central Asia and the Far East across Bactria and Sogdia, where his empire met the Han Empire of China. Islamabad (Islamabad Capital Territory, Pakistan): 1.15 million. Since the 1950s, Punjab industrialised rapidly. He told the meeting that the provision of health cards to 45 percent population in Punjab would be completed by June 2021. [14] Sialkot District in the prosperous northern part of the province has a poverty rate of 5.63%,[63] while Rajanpur District in the poorer south has a poverty rate of 60.05%.[18]. They are the cash crops that contribute substantially to the national exchequer. Several prominent educational leaders, researchers, and social commentators have echoed the opinion that the intentional promotion of Urdu and the continued denial of any official sanction or recognition of the Punjabi language amounts to a process of "Urdu-isation" that is detrimental to the health of the Punjabi language[66][67][68] In August 2015, the Pakistan Academy of Letters, International Writer's Council (IWC) and World Punjabi Congress (WPC) organised the Khawaja Farid Conference and demanded that a Punjabi-language university should be established in Lahore and that Punjabi language should be declared as the medium of instruction at the primary level.
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