The maggots (larvae) hatch and the fruit is destroyed by the feeding maggots and by associated fruit decay. Immature stages are similar in appearance to those of other Bactrocera. Queensland fruit fly poses a serious threat to the Goulburn Murray Valley region’s horticulture industry, along with domestic and international trade opportunities. Qfly is considered a serious horticultural pest because it is highly invasive, infesting more than 300 species of cultivated fruits and vegetables. Oxon, UK. Manual of Foreign Plant Pest for Fruit Flies, Part 3, p. 167-246. Despite this pressure, the pest has historically been absent from the Yarra Valley region, allowing fruit and vegetable production to thrive without intervention from expensive and intensive QFF management techniques. QUEENSLAND FRUIT FLY Queensland fruit flies (Bactrocera tryoni) are native to subtropical coastal Queensland and northern New South Wales and are commonly found in eastern Australia. Females often oviposit in punctures made by other fruit flies such as those of the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann), with the result that many eggs often occur in a single cavity. Greater knowledge and understanding of fruit and vegetable host plants and vigilant management of Queensland fruit fly will result in a more secure horticultural industry. implement other measures under the Biosecurity Act 1993 as necessary to eradicate Queensland fruit fly. A few flies were trapped in New Guinea but it is unlikely to be established there. Forewarned is forearmed: Queensland fruit flies detect olfactory cues from predators and respond with … Mango (some resistance to Mediterranean fruit fly, but prime Queensland fruit fly host) Kiwi fruit* Nashi Pears (sometimes affected)* Mulberry (sometimes affected)* Source: Adapted from Horticultural Policy Council (1991), The impact of fruit flies on Australian horticulture. Cooperative Economic Insect Report 7: 1-687. Males attracted to cue lure (White and Elson-Harris 1994). The humeri, or shoulders, are pale yellow, also. The high risk period for fruit flies is September to June. You’ll need to implement a combination of methods and keep your backyard clean through a sanitation routine. Larva of Queensland fruit fly, Bactrocera tryoni (Froggatt). Queensland Fruit Fly (Bactrocera tryoni)Queensland Fruit Fly was found in metropolitan Melbourne in January 2008. Fruit flies are the kiwifruit industry's most unwanted biosecurity threat. An eradication program is underway, and a Quarantine Area has been established around the suburb of Coolbellup and parts of Bibra Lake, Hamilton Hill, Kardinya, North Lake and Samson. This is a matter of very great concern. Queensland fruit fly or Qfly (Bactrocera tryoni) is one of the most damaging pests of fruit and vegetables in Australia. Tephritis tryoni Froggatt. Grow fruits and vegetables that are non-hosts of Queensland fruit fly. Wild hosts include passionflower, Passiflora spp., and Eugenia spp. Wild hosts include passionflower, Passiflora spp., and Eugenia spp. Biosecurity. Citrus crops are considered to be relatively poor hosts for Queensland fruit fly, Bactrocera tryoni (Froggatt), as for other tephritid species. More than 100 species of fruits and vegetables have been recorded as hosts of B. tryoni, including: Bananas are said to be attacked only when overripe, and other fruits, such as grapes, are attacked only in peak years. Josh Byrne. The ensuing larval development may be completed in as little as five days. The abdomen is constricted at the base, flared in the middle, and broadly rounded at the tip, not counting the ovipositor of 2015, Doorenweerd et al. Fruit flies of economic significance: Their identification and bionomics. The tribe Dacini (Diptera: Tephritidae) is a major clade within the true fruit flies, containing 932 species in four genera (Vargas et al. Queensland fruit fly, Bactrocera tryoni (Froggatt). The fly is brown marked with yellow. The Queensland fruit fly, Bactrocera tryoni (Froggatt), occurs in climates ranging from temperate to tropical. More information: Vivek Kempraj et al. Adults feed primarily upon juices of host plants, nectar, and honeydew secreted by various kinds of insects. The adult female is approximately 6 mm long, has a wing expanse of 10 to 12 mm, and has mostly transparent wings marked with brown. Replacing fruit fly host fruit trees with ornamental trees and shrubs is an alternative control strategy. Occasional flies are trapped in the Austral and Society Islands in the Pacific. Adult females live many months, and four or five overlapping generations may develop annually. CAB International. USDA, Survey and Detection Operations, Plant Pest Control Division, Agricultural Research Service. Control for each season. 1-75. The export restrictions have been largely removed with some operated for a specific destination pending confirmation of activities. The main way that Queensland fruit fly spreads to new areas is by being carried in infested host fruit and vegetables. The Bendigo region has also experienced increased urban QFF pressure and occasional outbreaks have occurred in the inner Melbourne area. Christenson LD, Foote RH. 1957. Adult female Queensland fruit fly, Bactrocera tryoni (Froggatt). State Government figures show 2898 fines were issued to people bringing ‘host material’ in to SA, as 3.8 tonnes of fruit and vegetables were seized at Yamba. Chaetodacus tryoni (Froggatt) As many as 40 larvae have been found in one peach, and as many as 67 adults have been reared from one apple. In the last few years, QFF has breached the quarantine efforts of Victorian irrigated fruit production regions of the Goulburn Murray Valley and Sunraysia. Oakley RG. (Myrtaceae). Males attracted to cue lure (White and Elson-Harris 1994). fruit fly outbreak, refer pir.sa.gov.au/fruitfly. Fruit flies (Tephritidae). This essentially means removing potential hosts (ie picking up and destroying fallen fruit) to break the fruit fly cycle. On the thorax a broad creamy, often pale, dorsal band runs down the scutellum, and there is a well-defined narrow pale yellow stripe on each side. Within its range, it is one of the most important pests with which pome and stone fruit growers have to contend, and at times it has been a very destructive pest of citrus. Pupation normally occurs in the soil. We’re here to raise community awareness and increase knowledge of integrated management measures that are imperative in protecting the region. Attractants. Controlling Queensland fruit fly in home gardens, Action on Queensland fruit fly in regional Victoria, Queensland fruit fly grants for regional Victoria, Declared Queensland fruit fly outbreak zones in Victoria, Ongoing research into Queensland fruit fly control, Controlling Queensland fruit fly on orchards and farms, Movement of Queensland fruit fly outbreak affected host produce, Domestic trade of Queensland fruit fly host produce. Bactrocera tryoni appears to be almost as destructive to fruit production in its Australian range as the oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis Hendel, is in countries where it appears. Queensland Fruit Fly is a very serious pest of great economic significance because of the damage caused to the fruit industry. , causing the fruit fly is a species of fruit and fruiting vegetables which are vulnerable to infestation Queensland... Non-Hosts of Queensland fruit fly in the United States operated for a specific destination confirmation... 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