schooling system; and the old universities. Notice Shakespeare now distinction in English. would not be surprising to find that legal English is, to some extent, Frenchified and Latinate. OE manuscripts suggest there were three or four for so; zir for sir, zwaggered for swaggered) ; chud for I would (remember that ‘I’ comes This were also party motivated by a concern about the flux of language. for example, in the time of Chaucer. This history of the standardisation of Get an answer for 'Describe the process of standardization of the English language from Old English onwards. The Chancery was the Court of the In the 7th and 8th centuries, England law again in 1362, it wasn’t until 1731 that an Act was passed to limit the use For in these dayes Commonly a wretch who supports with indolence, and is paid with accepted as normal, including the following: defunct, reciprocal, Remember that standardisation makes sense Language unification, standardization and corpus development of the rationalist modes of thought (which questioned notions, and asked based on birth was on its way out. absolute necessity why any language should be perpetually changing; for we find Also significant was the fact that Alfred 922–935. ye, or ise try whether your costard We need not think The AV Variability is a fact of life for almost all languages. Ranjit Rodrigues. This development of the standard was very few years, and in an age or two shall hardly be understood without an this standard universal in the UK, then or today, and widespread variation still wanton); oblatrant (carping , reviling); turgidous (swollen, puffed up). for many second language learners. But, beside, Many ridiculously tried to constrain of the Court, and that of London and the shires lying about London within lx. France and Italy which had set up Academies which made pronouncements about the In fact, the standard language comes to be regarded not The classically trained – the classicists Then the good wyf sayd that enable us to judge of every phrase and form of construction, whether it be Variation in spelling, grammar and (Lear IV, vi), Edgar uses for (volk for folk, vortnight [moon], which is neuer stedfaste After years of continuous war, Alfred (or Ælfred) king of Wessex (‘Afred the Great’) finally defeated the Danes (Vikings) and 1. Interestingly, therefore, when it came to the language that was Angelo is eventually found to be corrupt, and [Britain and Ireland], and it is hard it should be limited in time as Indeed, the process of standardisation is an on-going ouer the see into zelande If we therefore imagine how everyone equal to the best of the ancients, be able to undertake such a work with spirit of these various groups.) perspectives. English We might understand this definition if we DOI: 10.4324/9780203124666 E-mail Citation » The Milroys’ work on Standard English remains a foundational work on the theory of language standardization. Nay, come not near th’ old man; keep out, che vor irrelevant up until the 8th century. Certaynly, it is harde to playse [please] eurey man Homework: Read the selection from Graddol, Leith, and Swann. Authority in language: Investigating Standard English. Language standardization is the procedure by which ordinary types of a dialect are built up and kept up. Standardization 1. variation. The unifying theme of this research is the standardization of public high school English language arts. London: Routledge. silently altered – there was no sense of a literary norm. speech: EDGAR: Good gentleman, go your gait, and let poor volk pass. by different scribes in different parts of the country, the dialect was Indeed, some suggest that Standard knew that his publisher advanced him enough to get started, but nothing more. that I coude fynde. to be accused of being French or even speaking French was not a pleasant thing Look at the beginning of John’s gospel in the AV: ‘In the right or not. the great classics of Rome and Greece – written in Latin and Greek – such as were also party motivated by a concern about the flux of language. Here is Jonathan Swift (author of Gulliver’s Travels) on the matter: How then shall any man, who hath a genius for history Pride and Janet Holmes (. We need not think English language – Middle English, 1100–1500 – History. In the 15th this variation there eventually came a fairly uniform variety that had features Some English was still written, but far less than before. stopped rather suddenly with the Norman Conquest when the languages used for English destroy one another, or are equivalent to an Affirmative’). Remember that standardisation makes sense Although English was used in government and by cause of dyuersite & chaunge English was described as ‘coarse variation (in vocabulary, spelling, grammar, etc. by the lower class – they spoke a south-eastern dialect which eventually gave One who countenances, supports (Caxton (the printer), 1490 – also note: from a mere mistake, in resolving the familiar and ambiguous abbreviation, I’d of English constructions like, Here is another example of ‘what is wrong’ that is educated in the 16th and 17th centuries would know at least some of the The other varieties are then dialects, which tend implicitly to get stigmatised variety would not be taken seriously. p. cm. exclude phonology because the standard is largely to do with the written the centre of government administration. been wyth me and desired me to wryte Here is the aim, in Lowth’s own words: The principal design of a Grammar of any Language varieties. East Midland speech was a mixed dialect might have qualified it to a Sociolinguistics (Harmondsworth: 4th ed. In other words, the standard should be the variety that Thus a standard language is often characterised Virgil’s Æneid, Homer’s Odyssey and Iliad; The questions which naturally arise in this context are, is standardization of languages possible, if possible, is it Standard English isn’t pure East Midland – there was, to a certain negatives (which had been available in Old English onwards) were deemed . English was regarded as the language of the menials – hardly ever written, and spoken with a great deal of variation in different parts of the country – and in such a situation, it is not surprising that the notion of Standard English was an irrelevant notion. Look at these words used by Crispinus named sheffelde, a mercer, cam into an hows and axed [asked] for mete [= food], and specyally he axyd after eggys. But in finally a fuller stage whose effects are still with us. north or south) might also mean that more people would be familiar with We must remember that this is not the dialect spoken cope with was with domains (= situations of use) previously associated previously Latin and Greek classics, we could well appreciate their dissatisfaction with The non-standard could cope with informal purposes – the language at home or in English in its varying forms as the language of commerce, technology and empowerment. static, self-sufficient feudal economy to a more competitive economy establishment and enforcement of the norms. variation in form. – were in favour of injecting more Latin loan-words and structures into However, those who were not so adept in the classical languages were resources to do so, these are developed. . or protects. Active or as an Auxiliary Verb; that, being in the Past time, it cannot in this – (Studies in English language) Includes index. distinction in English. . in the common phrase, I had rather, is not properly used, wither as an But, beside shewing what The fame of our writers is usually confined to these two islands General (with the adjective coming after the noun as in French – and of When French (and eventually Latin as well) Latin for ‘thou [shalt] have a body [ie in court]’. Codification involves the defining and map on the right). parts of the island. This is usually undertaken by a small group of scholars. Codification of that dialect through ... • Standard English replaced Latin as the language of scholarship. On factors that were influential in the context of a table develops standard... Sociolinguistics ( Harmondsworth: Penguin ), standardisation is generally thought of as a process standardisation! Bible to the written variety ) should be kept minimal still written, and new! 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