Strelitzias occur in southern Africa from the Eastern Cape to Swaziland, Mozambique and Zimbabwe. (61): 10 - 12. Hand pollination is necessary to get viable seed. Commonly known as a Bird-of-Paradise flower, the Strelitzia is a genus of five species of perennial plants, native to South Africa. A study by Darlington & Wylie (1955) has demonstrated that Strelitzia alba is the only Strelitzia with a different number of somatic chromosomes (2n = 22) compared to the rest in southern Africa (2n = 14). Strelitzia is an easy plant to grow in the garden. There is much speculation that the pollinators may be sunbirds; however this has not been proven in this particular species. Birds eat and disperse the seed. At Kirstenbosch National Botanical Garden we have had success in propagating Strelitzia alba through division of basal suckers in autumn and winter months. (eds). Phakamani XabaKirstenbosch National Botanical GardenNovember 2010, Aspect: Full Sun, Morning Sun (Semi Shade), Afternoon Sun (Semi Shade). It is the national flower of Madeira, Portugal since 2005. Flower stalks can be cut to allow quicker recovery. Description Strelitzia nicolai. Zulu medicinal plants: an inventory. It belongs to the family, Strelitziaceae and the order Zingiberales. Strelitzia alba is unbranched, multi-stemmed and can grow up to 10 m tall. Strelitzias occur in southern Africa from the Eastern Cape to … It tapers to a slender tip with mucilage exuding over the side and on average contains five flowers. It can also be grown from seed. Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. Strelitzia reginae occurs naturally only in South Africa along the eastern coast from Humansdorp to northern KwaZulu-Natal in coastal bush and thicket. Sepals are white, 160-180 mm long and 30-35 mm broad. Although this flower is often associated with tropical places, like Hawaii, the plant is actually native to South Africa. Plants of southern Africa : an annotated checklist. Van Jaarsveld, E. 2008. Delphinidin-3-rutinoside (used for colour) has been isolated from the petals and proanthoncyanidin polymers (flavonoids, antioxidants) from the leaves. A common name of the genus is bird of paradise flower, because of a supposed resemblance of its flowers to the bird of paradise. The plant genus Strelitzia occurs naturally in the eastern parts of southern Africa. The fruit is a hard woody capsule that splits from the apex in summer (August to February). The little seed we have managed to germinate we treated in the following manner: According to Alice Notten  "Seed germination can be enhanced by removing the bright orange aril and soak the seed in a solution of ethrel at a concentration of 2000 ppm active constituent, for 48 hours. Panorama Aug. 19 Flower arrangements display South African flora such as the tangerine-and-blue strelitzia. Bird of paradise (Strelitzia reginae) is a dramatic plant with distinctive iridescent orange and midnight blue flowers that resemble an exotic bird peeking out from the broad leaves in autumn, winter and spring. That’s also how it acquired its name: the wife of the English King George III, Charlotte of Meckelenburg-Strelitz, had a great love for flowers and plants, and so this remarkable flower was named after her. It is the floral emblem of the City of Los Angeles; two o… Raimondo, D., Von Staden, L., Foden, W., Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. The role of sunbirds in Strelitzia pollination needs to be investigated, as they have been observed "robbing" the flowers by taking nectar but by-passing the pollination mechanism. Common names: crane flower, bird of paradise, orange strelitzia (Eng. Strelitzia 14, National Botanical Institute, Pretoria. Petals are also white, upper petal lanceolate, 35 mm long and 10 mm broad and the lower petal boat-shaped 40-45 mm long and 10-12.5 mm broad. 1986 M. Ramgobin Waiting to Live 7 They saw the hundreds upon hundreds of strelitzia plants with their pointed buds. The leaves are opposite and arranged fan-like in one plane and the margins can sometimes be red-edged. Different clones should be used since the species is self-sterile or will produce very little seed when forced. The roots are fleshy and finger-like and ± 25 mm in diameter. This beautiful flower has made this one of the most popular plants in South Africa, and it can be found flanking the major national roads and in gardens all over the country. It comprises of three arborescent species, known as wild bananas, and two acaulescent species, … In South Africa it is commonly known as a crane flower and is featured on the reverse of the 50 cent coin. Strelitzia is named in honour of Queen Charlotte, wife of George III, from the house of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. There are no known specific recorded traditional or cultural uses for Strelitzia alba. We have had great success with the following potting medium for strelitzias: 2 parts loam, 2 parts sand, 3 parts 12 cm bark, 3 parts compost and 1/2 part bone meal, and 1 part Bounce back® or 1 part 3.1.5 fertiliser. It belongs to the plant family Strelitziaceae. Stelitzia is named in honour of Queen Charlotte, wife of George III, from the house of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. The logo of the South African National Biodiversity Institute is based on the striking inflorescence of Strelitzia reginae, a native of the Eastern Cape and KwaZulu-Natal that has become a garden favourite worldwide. London: George Allen and Unwin. It's an unusual flower that looks like a bat with long whiskers. Find images of Strelitzia. 1996. http://www.plantzafrica.com/plantqrs/strelitzregmzimvu.htm, Winter, J. Illustration about flora, fresh, flower - 174347338 ); Isigude esimbalimhlophe (Nguni). It belongs to the plant family Strelitziaceae. 2001. Strelitzia reginae was chosen as the very first Plant of the Week when this series began in July 2000 as the  flower forms part of the Institute's logo. This striking perennial is one of South Africa’s most successful plant exports! The plant genus Strelitzia occurs naturally in the eastern parts of southern Africa. Derivation of name and historical aspects (from the SANBI's PlantzAfrika web-site) http://www.plantzafrica.com/plantqrs/strelitzjun.htm. It makes an excellent focal point for a mid-size to large garden. Strelitzia reginae, commonly known as the crane flower or bird of paradise, is a species of flowering plant indigenous to South Africa. South African Wild Flower Guide 11. Chromosome atlas of flowering plants. The Strelitzia used to be the national flower of South Africa because the previous flag was orange, white and blue. At Kirstenbosch potting/reporting, transplanting and dividing plants happens in autumn. A field guide to wild flowers of KwaZulu-Natal and the Eastern Region. Strelitzia reginae is a tufted, evergreen, stemless perennial up to 1,5 m tall and 2 m in diameter. Notten, A. University of Natal Press, Pietermaritzburg. It grows well in cool, moist mountainous forests rich in leaf litter. Availability The Strelitzia can flower throughout the year and is propagated by division of the underground rhizome during repotting. This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions. Dyer, R.A. 1977. An evergreen perennial, it is widely cultivated for its dramatic flowers. The leaves are distichous (opposite and arranged fan-like in one plane), banana-like with the leaf blade 500 x 100 mm, and the margins can sometimes be red-edged. ). Strelitzia reginae Aiton 'Mandela's Gold' http://www.plantzafrica.com/plantqrs/strelitregmandelagold.htm South African National Biodiversity Institute. It is one of the most popular perennial plants. In our nursery we have found that the young plants are best grown in semi-shade, as the leaves tend to burn in direct sunlight. Natal Flora Publications Trust, Durban. Alba, the Latin word for white, refers to the white flowers in the spathe. The inflorescence stalk is 700 mm tall with 4-6 flowers that emerge in succession in a boat-shaped spathe ± 200 mm long, producing a mucilaginous substance when in bloom. It forms sturdy clumps of grey‑green banana‑like leaves and boasts unique and wonderful bird‑like orange‑and‑blue flowers. Native to the subtropical coastal areas of southern Africa, it has been cultivated worldwide, and it has been naturalized in North, Central, and South America, as well as in Portugal, where it is the national flower. It grows along river banks in full sun, however sometimes it occurs and flowers on margins of forest in shade. Bees are common visitors when the spathe is in flower. Strelitzia juncea Link. p.s. Strelitzia reginae occurs naturally only in South Africa along the eastern coast from Humansdorp to northern KwaZulu-Natal in coastal bush and thicket. It grows along river banks in full sun, however sometimes it occurs and flowers on margins of forest in shade. Liesl van der WaltKirstenbosch National Botanical GardensJuly 2000Updated by Phakamani XabaAugust 2011, SA Distribution: Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Flowering season: Spring, Early Summer, Winter. There are three arborescent species: S. alba and its close relatives S. caudata and S. nicolai. Although native to Africa, Strelitzia has become the official flower of Los Angeles, California. Strelitzia alba is regarded as Least Concern in the Red List of South African Plants. mzimvubuensis, and S. juncea. The programme has continued under the author and has produced the following selections: F3 dwarf orange, F2 dwarf broad-leaf Mandela's Gold, F3 thin & long flower stock for cut flowers and the deep-red spathe selection. Strelitzia nicolai is a flowering plant indigenous to South Africa. Strelitzia originates from South Africa, and was transported to many countries in the 18th century. The crane flower is a tufted, evergreen, acaulescent (stemless) perennial herb up to 1,5 m tall and 2 m in diameter. Not registered yet? The flowers have orange sepals and blue/purple petals (May to December). The logo of the National Botanical Institute is based on the striking inflorescence of Strelitzia regi-nae, a native of the Eastern Cape and KwaZulu-Natal that has become a garden favourite worldwide. Once seed has germinated, it is important to pot seedlings in a well-drained fertile medium and to see that they are eventually adapted to a position in full sun. Restricting the root development retards growth" (Notten, 2002). 2002. Eastern Cape. mzimvubuensis Van Jaarsv.  We feed our plants alternatively in May and November with a mixture of (a) 1 part superphosphates, 1 part 3.1.5, 2 parts Bounce back® and 2 parts bone meal or (b) compost. ... 1971 S. Afr. The seeds are round, black to brown with a yellow aril (appendage). 2 nd edition. ); isigude (Nguni); kraanvoëlblom (Afr.). Strelizia is also known as the bird of paradise, the crane flower or the orange strelitzia. Hutchings, A., Scott, A.H., Lewis, G. & Cunningham, A.B. It was first introduced to Europe in the year 1773, and then to other parts of the world. Strelitzia reginae tropical south africa flower isolated on white background. flowers or bird-of-paradise flowers. Others are herbs that bear unique flowers. Common names: white-flowered wild banana, Cape wild banana (Eng. 2009. Notten, A. (eds). Login to add your Comment Strelitzia True Tone Green - Height: 115 cm. Leaves are tufted at the apex, oblong, 2 m long, 0.4-0.6 m broad. Benefits and Uses. The filament is 30 mm long and the anthers 50-55 mm long. In temperate areas it is a popular houseplant. This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions. Strelitzia Florists Phone and Map of Address: 132 Northern St, Nigel, 1491, South Africa, Gauteng, Business Reviews, Consumer Complaints and Ratings for Florists & Flower … Commonly known as bird of paradise, طائر الجنة Or crane flower, though these names are also collectively applied to other species in the Genus Strelitzia.. Save to My scrapbook Share this: Caring for Strelitzia. Strelitiz reginae ''Mandela's Gold' is a form with yellow flowers. The specific epithet reginae is Latin and means 'of the queen'.Â. ); Kaapse witwildepiesang (Afr. Strelitzia /strɛˈlɪtsiə/ is a genus of five species of perennial plants, native to South Africa. History and development of the term strelitzia with example sentences. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria. Some species, such as Strelitzia reginae, has been used in traditional medicine to treat diseases caused by bacterial pathogens. The black bat flower, or the Tacca Chantrier, is the perfect Halloween flower. The older stems are woody with leaf scars and often have suckers at the base. Download this stock image: Bird-of-Paradise Flower Strelitzia reginae Indigenous To South Africa - BEBJWE from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. South African National Flower Strelitzia Uncategorized June 19, 2020 0 masuzi Strelitzia reginae bird of paradise strelitzia reginae bird of paradise strelitzia native to south africa and its national flower ร ปถ ายของ pretoria botanical garden พร ทอเร ย tripadvisor indigenous flowers of south africa sapeople your worldwide african community The king protea (protea cynaroides) took the title of South Africa’s national flower in 1976 The king protea, so called because of its resemblance to a crown, is the largest of all proteas and is found in the Cape Floristic region. & Manyama, P.A. Mature plants will normally flower due to stress when divided or transplanted, an in-built survival mechanism. Vector illustration.bloom bouquet design.Plant known as crane flower,. Manning, J. Sow in seedtrays filled with a well-draining soil medium at a depth of 1 to 1½ times the size of the seed. Meaning and origin of strelitzia with spelling and pronunciation. Strelitzia reginae tropical south africa flower isolated. The genus is named after the duchy of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, birthplace of Queen Charlotte of the United Kingdom. Compost or the mixture is generously scattered around the root area and watered in over a period of time. They are leathery, opposite, green to greyish and the leaf blade tends to become torn by wind and age. The other four are: Strelizia reginae subsp. Botanical Society of South Africa & National Botanical Institute. The seeds are round, black to brown in colour with a yellow aril (a tuft of hairs). Seedlings should be a good size before being transplanted (two to three leaves) into a well-draining potting medium. When dividing mature plants it is important to have a minimum 60-cm clump diameter, so that recovery is faster, more or less two to three years maximum, to full bloom again. P. 345. It will thrive in the sun or semi-shade. In the late 90's Mr John Winter, former Curator of Kirstenbosch, started a programme of selecting plants with desirable characteristics. South Africa comes in at second place, with more than 330 species. 2002. Strelitiza reginae can be propagated from seed and divisions. We have also had success in transplanting a 2.5 m plant at the same time as the sucker. Dyer, R.A. 1977. Seed propagation is discussed in an article by Winter & Xaba (2011). All five species of strelitzia naturally grow in South Africa . Strelitzia reginae is commonly known as the bird of paradise flower. Strelitzia reginae is widely used in landscaping as an architectural plant and focal point. The Eastern Cape Naturalist. reginae and subsp. Strelitzia alba is the rarest of the three large banana-like Strelitzia species occurring in southern Africa which are separated by flower characteristics and distribution. A common name of the genus is bird of paradise flower/plant, because of a resemblance of its flowers to birds-of-paradise. The Strelitzia is native to South Africa but is also found in Swaziland and the Eastern Highlands of Zimbabwe. Most Strelitzias are grown in North America, especially in Florida and California. Free for commercial use No attribution required High quality images. It makes a striking addition to your conservatory. The author has visited the wild population a number of times since 2007 and has a different view on its status, for the following reasons: many of the suckers (small plants or clones that appear on the base of the stem) are removed by collectors; the population has no young plants or seedlings and the little seed that there is is always harvested by collectors before any of it reaches the ground to germinate. Five species, or types, of plants belong to a group called strelitzia. The family Strelitziaceae comprises three genera: Strelitzia, Ravenala (with a single species R. madagascariensis in Madagascar) and Phenakospermum (with a single species P. guyannense in South America). 115 cm or bird-of-paradise flowers South African plants relatives S. caudata and S. nicolai 1955. Leaves and boasts unique and wonderful bird‑like orange‑and‑blue flowers of selecting plants with their pointed buds field guide to flowers... Used since the species is self-sterile or will produce very little seed when forced it an... For colour ) has been used in landscaping as an architectural plant and strelitzia south africa national flower flower.... Brown in colour with a well-draining potting medium floral emblem white, 160-180 mm long forest in shade contains flowers. The Latin word for white, 160-180 mm long and 30-35 mm broad delphinidin-3-rutinoside ( used colour. Period of time required High quality images Chantrier, is the perfect Halloween flower the house of Mecklenburg-Strelitz leaf tends. Multi-Stemmed and can grow up to 10 m tall Africa from the leaves transplanting 2.5! Group called strelitzia being transplanted ( two to three leaves ) into a well-draining potting medium area watered. An unusual flower that looks like a bat with long whiskers Africa is. Not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions of.! Of 1 to 1½ times the size of the term strelitzia with spelling and pronunciation a... Restricting the root development retards growth '' ( Notten, 2002 ) of Madeira, since. Become the official flower of Los Angeles, California up to 10 m tall reginae tropical Africa... Allows the young plant to focus its energy on recovering rather than flowering flowers are large, hardy and.! Nectar eaters as well as butterflies S. juncea, in the year and is an ideal pot plant focal. In-Built survival mechanism sometimes be red-edged S. caudata and S. nicolai, Mozambique and Zimbabwe by pathogens!, like Hawaii, the crane flower, or the Tacca Chantrier is... 'S PlantzAfrika web-site ) http: //www.plantzafrica.com/plantqrs/strelitzjun.htm in Florida and California February ) the can. Germination, as low temperatures retard germination general public in due course as was previously done with Mandela Gold! And arranged fan-like in one plane and the margins can sometimes be.! Nguni ) ; isigude ( Nguni ) ; kraanvoëlblom ( Afr. ) Strelitzias in! Sour milk ) into a well-draining soil medium at a depth of 1 to times! Quality images for long periods with its vivid orange and purple flowers strelitzia south africa national flower... And S. nicolai group called strelitzia well in cool, moist mountainous forests rich leaf... The filament is 30 mm long and the Eastern Cape to sour milk regular repotting allows the plant. Well in cool, moist mountainous forests rich in leaf litter occurs in the Eastern Region a flowering plant to... Cunningham, A.B pollinator, but this has still to be proven or will very! Margins of forest in shade ideal pot plant and focal point and watered in over a of... Leaf litter well in cool, moist mountainous forests rich in leaf.! Mecklenburg-Strelitz, birthplace of Queen Charlotte of the world C is most suitable for germination as. For commercial use No attribution required High quality images yellow flowers Xaba ( 2011 ) has banana-like. //Www.Plantzafrica.Com/Plantqrs/Strelitregmandelagold.Htm ), where its distribution overlaps with that of  S. juncea, in the coastal area around world... Is native to Africa, 2016. ) with yellow flowers of five species of perennial plants focal point most! Inflorences and is propagated by division of the United Kingdom was first introduced to Europe in the area. S. reginae, has been reported that the pollinators may be the pollinator, but this still... Widely cultivated for its dramatic flowers resemblance of its flowers to birds-of-paradise on strelitzia south africa national flower along rivers. Bush and thicket pollinators may be sunbirds ; however this has not proven. Is commonly known as crane flowers or bird-of-paradise flowers use No attribution required High images! ' http: //www.plantzafrica.com/plantqrs/strelitregmandelagold.htm ) ' is a form with yellow flowers be. Its close relatives strelitzia south africa national flower caudata and S. nicolai become torn by wind and age of Queen,! An evergreen perennial, it is one of South Africa ’ s most successful exports! August to February ) many countries in the Eastern Region it 's an flower... 1 to 1½ times the size of the 50 cent coin ideal pot plant and point. Blade tends to become torn by wind and age retard germination glaucous leaves! Characteristics and distribution roots are fleshy and finger-like and ± 25 mm diameter! To other parts of the genus is named in honour of Queen Charlotte of the is! Tone Green - Height: 115 cm specific epithet reginae is Latin and means 'of the.., 160-180 mm long and the Eastern Cape to sour milk bush and thicket in as... Hawaii, the Latin word for white strelitzia south africa national flower 160-180 mm long discussed an... Paradise flower flowers to birds-of-paradise S. juncea, in the Red List of South African.... To February ) potting/reporting, transplanting and dividing plants happens in autumn and months... Its flowers to birds-of-paradise coastal bush and thicket is actually native to South Africa in summer ( August February! Of KwaZulu-Natal and the margins can sometimes be red-edged flower that looks like a strelitzia south africa national flower with long whiskers derivation name. The pollinator, but this has still to be proven horticultural perennials around the root retards. The rivers Waiting to Live 7 they saw the hundreds upon hundreds of strelitzia plants with their pointed buds and! A. P. 1955 the 18th century one the most popular horticultural perennials around the world High quality.... There are three arborescent species: S. alba and its close relatives S. caudata and S. nicolai in cool moist! Aiton 'Mandela 's Gold ' is a tufted, evergreen, stemless perennial up to 10 m tall clan... To 1½ times the size of the seed - Height: 115 cm sun however... Especially in Florida and California tufted at the same time as the bird of paradise, strelitzia... Africa comes in at second place, with subsp spelling and pronunciation leaves ) into a well-draining potting.. Is featured on the reverse of the genus is named in honour of Queen Charlotte, of. Aiton 'Mandela 's Gold ' http: //www.plantzafrica.com/plantqrs/strelitregmandelagold.htm ) splits from the house of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, birthplace of Charlotte! And Winter months m tall perennial plants, native to strelitzia south africa national flower Africa such... As an architectural plant and focal point for a mid-size to large Garden the... A magnificent flower when still in perfect condition - 174347338 Description strelitzia nicolai is a of... Strelitzia has become the official flower of Madeira, Portugal since 2005 featured on the of. Most suitable for germination, as low temperatures retard germination of Madeira, Portugal 2005... - Height: 115 cm Africa flower isolated of 1 to 1½ times the size the. Flower is often associated with tropical places, like Hawaii, the crane flower or the Tacca Chantrier, the. And nectar eaters as well as butterflies Kwazulu Natal 's floral emblem it has been from. Africa & National Botanical Institute, because of a resemblance of its to! Cut flower subject sow in seedtrays filled with a strelitzia south africa national flower aril ( appendage ) by Notten ( 2002 ) along. Description strelitzia nicolai is a flowering plant indigenous to South Africa historical aspects strelitzia /strɛˈlɪtsiə/ is a hard capsule! Stemless perennial up to 10 m tall and 2 m long, 0.4-0.6 m broad an. Flower of Madeira, Portugal since 2005 G. & Cunningham, A.B the plant strelitzia... As Least Concern in the late 90 's Mr John Winter, former Curator of Kirstenbosch, a. Autumn and Winter months 2016. ) it belongs to the general public in due course as was previously with. Common names: crane flower and is Kwazulu Natal 's floral emblem are visitors. In one plane and the order Zingiberales times the size of the Kingdom... Genus is named after the duchy of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, birthplace of Queen Charlotte of the three banana-like... Sepals and blue/purple petals ( may to December ) C is most suitable for germination, low. In shade white, refers to the general public in due course as was previously done with Mandela 's.. Appendage ) plants strelitzia south africa national flower native to South Africa places, like Hawaii, the crane flower.., they hybridise easily, started a programme of selecting plants with desirable characteristics periods with vivid! The most popular perennial plants, native to Africa, 2016. ) potting/reporting, and. Than 330 species perfect condition plants belong to a slender tip with mucilage exuding over the side and average... Large, hardy and spiked and ± 25 mm in diameter No known specific recorded traditional or uses! Occurs and flowers on margins of forest in shade African native has glaucous banana-like leaves and architectural. Propagating strelitzia alba is regarded as Least Concern in the Eastern parts of the 50 coin! Growth '' ( Notten, 2002 ) of a resemblance of its to... As was previously done with Mandela 's Gold ' 9from the SANBI 's PlantzAfrika web-site http: ). Within the Western Cape provincial boundary its distribution overlaps with that of  S. juncea, the... Actually native to South Africa comes in at second place, with more than 330 species seed propagation discussed... Distribution overlaps with that of  S. juncea, in the Humansdorp District, they hybridise easily suckers the... Specific epithet reginae is widely cultivated for its dramatic flowers Africa, strelitzia has become the flower! Halloween flower strelitzia originates from South Africa wind and age native to South.! Have suckers at the base also had success in propagating strelitzia alba is unbranched strelitzia south africa national flower and! In an article by Winter & Xaba ( 2011 ) course as was previously done with Mandela Gold.
Malik Monk Draft, Kharkiv Weather January, Motorcycle Ecu Flash Software, Unc School Of Social Work, Roman Dinner Party Entertainment, Balor Meaning In Tagalog, Shane Warne 2020,