Sweet sorghum — Sweet sorghum is a variety of sorghum grass. It has been proven to be highly palatable due to its large leaf, high … By the early 1900s, the U.S. produced 20 million US gallons (76,000 m3) of sweet sorghum syrup annually. Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences and University of Florida, n.d. <, Curtin, Leo V. MOLASSES - GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS. It is a late-maturing variety with an excellent root system and stiff stalks that usually remain erect. … Brown midrib (BMR) varieties are usually preferred varieties for grazing since they have less lignin and higher digestibility than other varieties. We did work with some new sweet sorghum varieties: M-81E, Dale, and Topper. There are several commercially viable sorghum seed varieties, with grain sorghum producing a grain that boasts a higher starch content than sweet sorghum. Dr. Bill Rooney at Texas … Grain Sorghum. Grain sorghum has also been used by the ethanol industry for quite some time because it yields about the same amount of ethanol per bushel as corn. Bob's Red Mill Gluten Free Sweet White Sorghum Grain, 96 Ounce. Sweet sorghum syrup has shown good antioxidant properties and is found to be useful in food, beverage In the early 1860s, the American Civil War not only disrupted both interstate and maritime commerce but also diverted commodities from civilian to military purchases; these factors rendered some food and fiber supplies, including sugar cane and the sugar and molasses made from it, unreliable and expensive. Thrives in the heat. This makes it well adapted to a variety … It had more than the normal amount of protein but, more … The “Dale” variety is productive in a range of climates, or you can try heirloom sweet sorghum varieties like “Sugar Drip” or “Rox Orange.” Varietal choice The two preferred varieties … The grain is fairly neutral in flavor, and sometimes slightly sweet. It is resistant to anthracnose and maize dwarf mosaic and is moderately susceptible to bacterial stripe. Do It Yourself! Della does not resist lodging as much as Dale and is more variable in plant height. Seed orders will be processed beginning February 15 and continue through June 30, or until seed supplies are exhausted. There are many species of sorghum, the most popular being Sorghum bicolor, … Sorghum juice-derived … Syrup quality is excellent. Drought tolerant. Sweet Sorghum for Syrup. Build a Small-Scale Ethanol Fuel Plant, How to Use Enzymes to Convert Starch to Fermentable Sugars, Links - websites, supplies, how-to, home brew, Vendors of Equipment and Supplies to Produce and Use Ethanol, A Modern Dairy's Experience with Homegrown Ethanol Fuel, "Makin' It On the Farm" - Historical Success Stories, Studies Show Energy Beets Can Be Grown in Non-Traditional Sugarbeet Areas, A Shortcut to the Production of High Ethanol Concentration from Jerusalem Artichoke Tubers, Feasibility of Ethanol Production from Cheese Whey and Fruit Pomace in NYS, The Peak Oil Crisis: The German Army Report, Due Diligence: How to Evaluate a Renewable Energy Technology, Albert A. Bartlett: Ode to a Gentle Giant, Power from the People, by Greg Pahl - Reviews, Locally Owned Wind And Ethanol—Better, Not Bigger, Urban Fuel Coop Design & Analysis - Introduction, http://www.ca.uky.edu/agc/pubs/agr/agr122/agr122.htm, http://esse-community.eu/articles/some-of-the-main-sweet-sorghum-varieties/. Newer sweet sorghum line have significantly higher yield than the old sweet sorghum varieties… A new hybrid of sweet sorghum called Tianza No.2, which has high yields of both grain and fermentable sugars (5.0 tons ha −1 grain yield and 16.1 BX juice sugar degree), is bred by Shenyang Agriculture University. It’s small, round, and usually white or yellow — though some varieties are red, brown, black, or purple (1). Sorghum-Sudangrass. : U of Kentucky, 2002. Stalks are medium-sized and erect growing, and they make an excellent-quality syrup. The stalks are erect and juicy. Honey is a variety grown by the USDA before 1900; it is also called Honey Drip and Texas Seeded Ribbon. $23.40 $ 23. Interestingly, these same three varieties were also the highest yielding in 2013. It does produce a high quality syrup. As new-generation ethanol processes are studied and improved, sorghum's role may continue to expand. Seed are medium-sized and brown. Georgia Blue Ribbon, a variety of uncertain origin, lodges badly and is susceptible to major sweet sorghum diseases. Its stalk happens to have high sugar content — that’s why it’s often compared to sugar cane. [14] The crop is particularly suitable for growing in dryland conditions, as it only extracts one-seventh of the water used by sugarcane. Active sweet sorghum breeding programs are under way in several states. 1346-45 Heirloom Honey drip Sorghum … Brandes was released in 1968 from the U.S. Sugar Crops Field Station. Four important varieties from that station are Theis, Keller, Dale, and M81E. Web. M8IE is resistant to leaf anthracnose and red stalk rot, but it is susceptible to maize dwarf mosaic. Grain sorghum can take many shapes and sizes from a tight-headed, round panicle to an open, droopy panicle that can be short or tall. The seed are small and white and have good germination. The stalks grow 7 to 10 feet tall and tend to lodge badly. Publication. Theis is a variety developed at the U.S. Sugar Crops Field Station, Meridian, Mississippi, and released in 1974. It matures about the same time as Tracy. 40 ($0.24/Ounce) Save more with Subscribe & Save. Dale is a mid-season variety developed at the U.S. Sugar Crops Field Station. The difference in seed was a bit of a surprise, but not terribly so. Della, a mid-season variety with good disease resistance, was developed by Bob Harrison, Virginia Polytechnic Institute, and released in December 1991. Used for green chop, grazing, silage and hay, sorghum … It is similar to Dale in syrup quality. Yield combined across locations fluctuated between 4.36 and 9.80 tons/acre. BJ 248, RSSV 9, NSSV 208, NSSV 255 and RSSV 56 are the sweet sorghum cultures identified by the "All IndiaCoordinated sorghum improvement project at National level". A sorghum variety called "Karamaka" proved to be truly remarkable. Theis may grow to 12 to 16 feet tall, but it has good lodging resistance. For one thing, Karamaka had a protein that was unusually nutritious. Tan, cream and white colored sorghum varieties are typically made into flour for the food industry, while black and burgundy varieties contain beneficial antioxidant properties and are utilized in other food … Black Sorghum provides fiber, protein, and antioxidants in a variety of sweet and savory baked goods. Theis produces large, brown seed. Sorghum … 2021 SWEET SORGHUM SEED ORDER FORM IMPORTANT: Please review all order information in this paragraph prior to placing your order. FREE Shipping on orders over $25 shipped by Amazon. Sweet As is a sweet sorghum variety that has high yield and sugar levels. Web. M8IE is a late-maturing variety which matures a few days later than Dale. Sweet sorghum thrives better under drier and warmer conditions than many other crops and is grown primarily for forage, silage, and syrup production. Seeds are small, reddish brown, and germinate well. HEIRLOOM VARIETY TRIALS were clearly sweet sorghum. Sorghum Find the sorghum seed varieties that will work best for your farm. As sweet sorghum is not commercially established in Australia, variety development is not advanced, however a large number of varieties exist. It is highly resistant to leaf anthracnose and red stalk rot, has moderate resistance to downy mildew, and is tolerant to maize dwarf mosaic virus. Simon is a very early-maturing variety of unknown origin. Sweet Sorghum Varieties Preparing to Plant Sweet Sorghum Dale, Della, KN Morris, Sugar Drip, Keller, Top 76-6, M81E, Simon, KY 1810, KY 08, Theis, Rox Orange, Umbrella, Early Orange are the most common varieties of sweet sorghum. It is a few days later than Tracy in maturity. Under these conditions, some farms grew sweet sorghum for syrup to substitute for cane sugar and molasses, which helped ensconce sweet sorghum in Southern food culture. There's enough juice in an acre of sweet sorghum to make 400 to 800 gallons of ethanol. 22 May 2014. [8], Sorghum syrup and hot biscuits are a traditional breakfast in the Southern United States. It can be used as a cooking ingredient with a similar sweetening effect as molasses, though blackstrap molasses still has a higher nutritional value than sorghum syrup in most regards. The work we did was in slightly wetter more humid climates than you Louisiana, Florida, and Tennessee. Della is a backcross of Dale to an earlier maturing line. Sweet Sorghum Varieties Most sweet sorghum varieties planted in the United States today were developed at the U.S. Sugar Crops Field Station at Meridian, Mississippi. The biggest advantage of Della is that it matures one week earlier than Dale and thus would let you start cooking a little earlier in the fall. It yields well and makes excellent-quality syrup, but it is susceptible to most major sorghum diseases. ", "One Year on, Sikkim Proves Why the Rest of India Must Adopt Organic Practices for a Bright Future", "From Food to Fodder, Here's How This Magic Plant Can Take Care of Our Needs", "Sweet sorghum – Opportunities for a new renewable fuel and food industry in Australia", Ceres and Texas A&M to Develop and Market High-Biomass Sorghum for Biofuels, "Sweet Sorghum : A New "Smart Biofuel Crop, "Icrisat embarks on biofuels initiative for dryland farmers", National Sweet Sorghum Producers and Processors Association, List of Sweet Sorghum Renewable Energy Projects, Report on small-scale sweet sorghum production and processing, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sweet_sorghum&oldid=996206427, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 25 December 2020, at 03:57. [15], A study by researchers at the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) found that growing sweet sorghum instead of grain sorghum could increase farmers' incomes by US$40 per hectare per crop because it can provide food, feed, and fuel. It tends to lodge and is very susceptible to many diseases. It has good syrup quality, but it is more susceptible to drought than some varieties. CO (S) 28, TNAU SORGHUM variety CO 30, TNAU SORGHUM HYBRID CO 5 : Chithiraipattam: April - May: CO (S) 28,TNAU SORGHUM variety CO 30, BSR 1, TNAU SORGHUM HYBRID CO 5 : Adipattam : June - July : BSR 1, TNAU SORGHUM HYBRID CO 5, APK 1 : Puratasipattam: Sept. – Oct. TNAU SORGHUM variety … In 2007, the University of Kentucky and the University of Nebraska jointly released a male-sterile hybrid named KNMorris. It matures about 7 days earlier than Sugar Drip. The ideal seeding rate for most sweet sorghum varieties is 3-4 seeds/linear ft of row with a final stand of 2-3 plants/linear ft of row. Della matures about one week earlier than Dale and about 6 days later than Sugar Drip. Presently it is grown on large area as a fodder crop. It must be harvested earlier than other varieties because it is susceptible to diseases. It has performed well in Wisconsin, Minnesota, and New York. [12] Texas A&M University ran trials to ascertain the best varieties for ethanol production from sorghum leaves and stalks in the USA. BJ 248, RSSV 9, NSSV 208, NSSV 255 and RSSV 56 … Sweet sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) is one among the leading potential crops for biofuel production [8]. At this stage, sorghum x sudans will generally have TDN values in excess of 53 - 60% and CP concentrations of 9 - 15%. Sorghum syrup is also used on pancakes, cornmeal mush, grits and other hot cereals. What Kinds of Food Often Contains Sorghum? Table 2 shows the characteristics of different varieties of sweet sorghum … Sorghum is popular as a rotation crop due … Sorghum is favored by the gluten intolerant and is often cooked as a porridge to be eaten alongside other foods. Tracy is susceptible to anthracnose, red rot, zonate leaf spot, and rust. Simon is better adapted to areas north of central Indiana and Ohio. It has a fairly small stalk, low juice yield, and is susceptible to most sorghum diseases. and pharmaceutical industries[7]. Publication. Sweet sorghum, also called cane sorghum, is grown for the sweet juice that is extracted from the tall stalks. Sorghum also favours a soil pH of 5.5 to 6.8 on a Calcium Chloride Scale. With grain sorghum currently grown on over 11 million ha in Asia and on 23.4 million ha in Africa, a switch to sweet sorghum could have a considerable economic impact. It has late maturity similar to Brandes and Wiley. Some of the most important sweet sorghum varieties released at international level are Rio, Dale, Brandes, Theis, Roma, Vani, Ramada and Keller. It yields a high tonnage of stalks, but the syrup yield per ton of stalks is low. Dale is resistant to leaf anthracnose and red stalk rot. It grows 9 to 12 feet tall under optimum conditions, and it has intermediate tillering ability. 4.6 out of 5 stars 296. favourable, sorghum, in particular, will respond well to a low application of basal fertilizer (100 to 300 kg of 7.14.7 per ha) followed with a top dressing of 100 to 200 kg per ha of 28 - 34% N fertilizer. It appears to be more susceptible to a light frost than the other varieties. N.p. It is similar to Dale in height and lodging resistance. Sweet sorghum stalks contain up to 75% juice, varying between 12 and 23% in sugar. Check out Dyna-Gro’s latest lineup of high-performance seed products … Sorghum syrup is a 100 percent natural sweetener sometimes called “sorghum molasses,” as its flavor and uses are similar to those of molasses made from sugar cane. In the U.S. since the 1950s, sorghum has been raised primarily for forage and silage, with sorghum cultivation for cattle feed concentrated in the Great Plains (Texas, Kansas, and Nebraska are the leading producers) where insufficient rainfall and high temperature make corn production unprofitable. What kinds of stills are there and what are the differences? Sweet sorghum thrives better under drier and warmer conditions than many other crops and is grown primarily for forage, silage, and syrup production. Sweet sorghum is any of the many varieties of the sorghum grass whose stalks have a high sugar content. Thick, juicy stalks make for mighty fine sorghum syrup once squeezed and boiled down over a wood fire. One species, Sorghum bicolor, native to Africa with many cultivated forms now, is an important crop worldwide, used for food (as grain and in sorghum syrup or "sorghum molasses" ), animal fodder, the … The only advantage for Simon in Kentucky is for very late plantings where Sugar Drip will not mature. It is resistant to leaf anthracnose and red stalk rot. Most sorghum grown for syrup production is grown in Alabama, Arkansas, Georgia, Iowa, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, and Tennessee. Black Sorghum. Original source: http://www.ca.uky.edu/agc/pubs/agr/agr122/agr122.htm, Our source: http://esse-community.eu/articles/some-of-the-main-sweet-sorghum-varieties/, The Oil Industry's Campaign to Discredit Ethanol, The Energetics of Ethanol: An Introduction and Link to Studies, The Net Energy of Ethanol Debate Must End, Alcohol Fuel: The Key to Solving Climate Change, Ethanol Gasoline Blends and Small Engines, Mileage Gains Using Ethanol Seen 20% Higher Than EPA Says. The syrup has a mild sorghum flavor, amber color, and excellent quality. This is a relatively early-maturing variety … The yield of syrup from M8IE is generally superior to Dale. Sweet As is great for grazing and also makes excellent silage. [13], In India and other places, sweet sorghum stalks are used for producing biofuel by squeezing the juice and then fermenting into ethanol. This variety is one of the earliest-maturing varieties for the South, and so it is useful for early syrup production. Sweet sorghum has been widely cultivated in the U.S. since the 1850s for use in sweeteners, primarily in the form of sorghum syrup. Making syrup from sorghum (as from sugar cane) is heavily labor-intensive. If the sorghum is planted too thick, the canes will be spindly (less than 3/4 … The seed are medium-sized and brown. This sweet sorghum cane grows up to 12' tall with seed heads that turn amber red when mature. Minimum seed germination is 75% for all varieties … Yet, they were all … Stalks are shorter and juicier than those of Tracy. The following varieties were trialled in the major feasibility … The tall canes are juiced and boiled to make a very sweet, light, sorghum syrup, excellent on pancakes. Sugar Drip is an early mid-season variety of unknown origin. Get it as soon as Thu, Jan 14. It was released from the U.S. Sugar Crops Field Station, Meridian, Mississippi. Following World War II, with the declining availability of farm labor, sorghum syrup production fell drastically. Like grain sorghum, sweet sorghum and broom corn are members of the sorghum … Sweet sorghum is any of the many varieties of the sorghum grass whose stalks have a high sugar content. Several of these are probably the … [9] In India sweet sorghum syrup is presently being promoted as a health food.[10][11]. Sweet sorghum syrup is known as "sorghum molasses" in some regions of the United States, though in most of the U.S. the term molasses refers to a sweet syrupy byproduct of sugarcane or sugar beet sugar extraction[1][2][3][4]. Currently, less than 1 million US gallons (3,800 m3) are produced annually in the U.S. Syrup quality is usually excellent. In Central India it was introduced in the early 1970s by Nimbkar Agricultural Research Institute[5][6] for ethanol and syrup production. 4 Major Types of Sorghum. Unfortunately, this facility closed in 1983. Some of the Main Sweet Sorghum Varieties. [16], Bitzer, Morris. Some of these older varieties are Honey, Honey Drip, Umbrella, Texas Blue Ribbon, Williams, Justice, Red Orange, Honey Dew, and Texas Double Sweet. This high antioxidant, high fiber gluten free black sorghum grain can be readily … Some of the most important sweet sorghum varieties released at international level are Rio, Dale, Brandes, Theis, Roma, Vani, Ramada and Keller. Hybrid Madhura was developed by "Nimkar Agricultural Research Institute, Phaltan, Maharashtra". 22 May 2014. A cross between sorghum and sudangrass, this variety is a finer stemmed, warm season annual grass in comparison to forage sorghum and grows again after harvest. <, International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, "Sorghum Travels From The South To The Mainstream", http://www.uky.edu/Ag/CCD/introsheets/swsorghumintro.pdf, http://rcrec-ona.ifas.ufl.edu/pdf/publications/molasses-general-considerations..pdf, "Indiana State Department of Health Division of Consumer Protection Food Protection ProgramGuidance on Sorghum Production–March 19, 2008", "(PDF) Sweet sorghum R&D at the Nimbkar Agricultural Research Institute (NARI)", "Do You Know About This Wonder Crop That Can Be Used As Fuel, Paper And Delicious Bread Spread? This variety gives good yields and also produces lots of grain. 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