The water has a density ρ w, and the density of the styrofoam ρ s = 1 / 3 ρ w. If the styrofoam has a total volume V This applies to all varieties of foam, open and closed-cell alike. {/eq} be the volume object in contact with liquid, {eq}\rho Za več informacij o tem, kako uporabljamo vaše podatke, si oglejte naš pravilnik o zasebnosti in pravilnik o piškotkih. Solution for Styrofoam has a density of 32 kg/m3. Styrofoam has a density of 300kg/m3. This type of polystyrene is … Styrofoam has a density of 300 kg/m^3. Styrofoam is not good for soundproofing. (a) (b) Figure 2. The weight of the ball = 2.94 N The buoyancy force on the ball = 9.8 N The weight that can be supported by the ball is 9.8 N - 2.94 N = 6.86 N Styrofoam is made from a petroleum product known as styrene. Photographs of (a) stacked styrofoam nanofibers, (b) multijet mode electrospinning. If the styrofoam weighed 0.10 g and the aerogel 0.001 g, we could describe the density of styrofoam as 0.10 g cm –3 and that of an aerogel as 0.001 g cm –3. Services, Buoyancy: Calculating Force and Density with Archimedes' Principle, Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community, {eq}V (Additional mass is the total supported mass minus the mass of the Styrofoam block itself.) This ubiquitous waste material has great insulating properties. Taking the density of water to be 1000 kg/m³ the mass of water displaced will be: mass = density * volume = (1000 * 0.0335) = 33.51 kg . This is also used to help calculate the size and mass of the planet. Through a complex chemical process known as polymerization, the styrene is refined into a clear molten mass of polystyrene. This material is light blue in color and is owned and manufactured by The Dow Chemical Company. The patch is actually comprised of the Western Garbage Patch, located near … The same goes for a cold cup of custard of an icy drink on a hot day. The term is often used incorrectly to label a variety of plastic foam products such as foam cups and packaging materials. Assume the volume of the mass is negligible compared to that of the sphere. Podatki o napravi in internetni povezavi, vključno z naslovom IP, Dejavnosti brskanja in iskanja med uporabo spletnih mest in aplikacij družbe Verizon Media. Styrofoam is made mainly of air, meaning it is a very poor conductor of heat, but an excellent convector. The average density of Styrofoam is 1.00 kg/m 3.If a Styrofoam cooler is made with outside dimensions of 50.0 x 35.0 x 30.0 cm and the uniform thickness of the Styrofoam is 3.00 cm (including the lid), what is the volume of the Styrofoam used in cubic inches? 6. 4.50).The c s at room temperature for the polyimide foam with ρ=100 kg m −3 was measured at 1.3 MPa, increased to 3.1 MPa at ρ=150 kg m −3 and 8.0 MPa at ρ=300 kg m −3, respectively, indicating that polyimide foams could be strengthened by increasing their density. Če želite omogočiti družbi Verizon Media in njenim partnerjem obdelavo vaših osebnih podatkov, izberite »Strinjam se«. A Styrofoam bucket of negligible mass contains 1.60 kg of water and 0.425 kg of ice. When used with denser materials that have greater mass, its soundproofing characteristics decouple and absorb with excellent results. A Styrofoam bucket of negligible mass contains 1.75 kg of water and 0.450 kg of ice. For conventional open-cell foam, materials in this range are the best of the best. {/eq} be the acceleration due to gravity, {eq}\rho_s=\rm 32 \ kg/m^3 Mass and Volume are related through Density where: Volume x Density = Mass As for your question, styrofoam is a brand name that we use to describe any polystyrene foam. I know a lot of other question where answered just like … We're trying to get the latent heat of the ice. What is the maximum mass that can hang without sinking from a 50 cm diameter Styrofoam sphere in water? . For large insulating jobs, professionals spray this insulation into place with special equipment. Za več informacij in upravljanje svojih možnosti izberite »Upravljanje nastavitev«. The term is often used incorrectly to label a variety of plastic foam products such as foam cups and packaging materials. "(J.mol^-1.K^-1) Polystyrene" " 126.5 ± 0.6 Reference 2. (a) Draw a force diagram of the system consisting of the survivor and raft. mass M = Density * Volume Keep in mind that the Styrofoam is not weightless. If a Styrofoam cooler is made with outside dimensions of 50.0 x 35.0 x 30.0 cm and the uniform thickness of the Styrofoam is 3.00 cm (including the lid), what is the volume of the Styrofoam used in cubic inches? foam rubber after it has been compressed so that its volume decreases. Styrofoam is a trademark product of the Dow Chemical Company. ... Slide the wood block’s mass all the way back down to 1 kg. This corresponds to a mass of 40.5 kg. Assume the volume of the mass is negligible compared to that of the sphere. density of styrofoam is equal to 50 kg/m³; at 20°C (68°F or 293.15K) at standard atmospheric pressure. - Biography, Inventions & Contributions, Using Displacement to Calculate the Volume of an Object, Glencoe Earth Science: Online Textbook Help, Glencoe Chemistry - Matter And Change: Online Textbook Help, SAT Subject Test Chemistry: Practice and Study Guide, Georgia Milestones - Physical Science EOC: Test Prep & Practice, Virginia SOL - Chemistry: Test Prep & Practice, CSET Science Subtest I - General Science (215): Practice & Study Guide, FTCE Middle Grades General Science 5-9 (004): Test Practice & Study Guide, FTCE Earth & Space Science 6-12 (008): Test Practice & Study Guide, ILTS Science - Earth and Space Science (108): Test Practice and Study Guide, Biological and Biomedical A 8.2 g piece of Styrofoam carries a net charge of -0.700 µC and floats above the center of a large horizontal sheet of plastic that has a uniform charge density on its surface. Diagram 1 shows a piece of foam rubber that contains many pockets of air. Questions; Physics help!! Spray foam insulation is a liquid latex or polyurethane foam that expands and hardens to fill gaps. Styrofoam weighs 0.05 gram per cubic centimeter or 50 kilogram per cubic meter, i.e. On the other hand, conductors for example metal … Styrofoam has a density of 32 kg/m 3 3. Spray foam is a chemical product created by two materials, isocyanate and polyol resin, which react when mixed with each other and expand up to 30-60 times its liquid volume after it is sprayed in place. High-Density Foam is sold primarily for mattresses, average quality sofas, chair cushions, bay windows, boats, and camping pads. Styrofoam has a density of 300 kg/m^3 . Figure 3. What is the maximum mass that can hang without sinking from a 80-cmdiameter Styrofoam sphere in water? V = 0.0335 m³ The density of styrofoam is 32 kg/m³, so the mass of the sphere will be: mass = density * volume = (32 * 0.0335) = 1.072 kg When … Actual Styrofoam consists solely of extruded polystyrene foam and is commonly used for insulation and craft projects. In Imperial or US customary measurement system, the density is equal to 3.1 pound per cubic foot [lb/ft³], or 0.029 ounce per cubic inch [oz/inch³]. On the other hand, conductors such as metal are poor insulators because energy flows through them. It lies with its base horizontal. The c s of polyimide foams also showed obvious dependence on its ρ, both at ambient temperature and at 300°C (Fig. For small sealing jobs, spray foam is available in spray cans. The mass of the water displaced Mw is supporting (equal to) the mass of the styrofoam Mstyro plus the mass of the swimmer Mswimr: (1) Mw = Mstyro + Mswimr. It is actually a chemical compound polystyrene. Although it is a closed-cell foam, both expanded and extruded polystyrene are not entirely waterproof or vapor proof. This type of polystyrene is what disposable eating utensils are made of. Express your answer with the appropriate units. Used by itself as a sound conditioning panel it doesn’t do much, however, molded into a quadratic diffuser or laminated to denser material, and it improves sound quality. © copyright 2003-2021 Study.com. A consumer can test out the superior insulating properties of Styrofoam when getting hot coffee in a Styrofoam cup. On a basic level, foam density is the same as any other application of the definition, being the quantity or mass of a material per a measurable size or volume. Foam Factory’s 2.8LB Lux-HQ foam is high-quality foam, perfect for the most demanding jobs. At the beginning of production, its granules melted under the influence of high temperatures, forming a uniform flowing mass, which is filled with gas. We know this because the mass of the Styrofoam (17.34 kg) can be found by using the density of the Styrofoam and the volume that we found earlier. (Assume the volume of the mass is negligible compared to that of the sphere.) - 20493262 High-Density Foam is the most commonly used foam type in the furniture manufacturing industry. What is the maximum mass that can hang without sinking from a 10cm diameter Styrofoam sphere in water? Styrofoam 0.75 5.00 0.15 Yes Wood 2.00 5.00 0.4 Yes Ice 4.60 5.00.92 Yes Brick 10.00 5.00 2.00 No Aluminum 13.50 5.00 2.70 No 1. Diagram 2 shows the same piece of. These are listed below. " Actual Styrofoam consists solely of extruded polystyrene foam and is commonly used for insulation and craft projects. It can have serious effects on the health of birds or marine animals that swallow significant quantities. It is most often encountered as an adjective - i.e. Basic Use STYROFOAM™ Brand SM Insulation can be used against almost any commercial or As for all the polystyrene foam already floating around, scientists have investigated some novel solutions. [62] Juvenile rainbow trout exposed to polystyrene fragments have produced toxic effects by causing substantial histomorphometrical changes. Assume… the maximum mass that can hang without sinking is 2.93 kg. When a solid is dropped, from the boat (floating... A 6.2 kg piece of metal displaces 0.80 L of water... An object floats with 1/2 of its volume beneath... A metal block of made 2125 g displaces 250 cm^3 ... Density & Buoyancy of Objects: Physics Lab, Buoyant Force: Definition, Equation & Examples, Archimedes' Principle: Definition, Formula & Examples, What Is Buoyancy? And a warmer foundation wall reduces the potential for condensation and adds to the thermal mass of the building. {/eq}. Even though the density of the Styrofoam block (.15 kg/L) and the density of the fluid are nearly (.15 kg/L), there is an upward force due to the effects of gravity at any depth in the fluid. mass M = Density * Volume What is the maximum mass that can hang without sinking from a 40-cm diameter Styrofoam sphere in the water? What we are actually comparing is the mass per unit volume, that is, the density. Yahoo je del družbe Verizon Media. If an iron cube of volume 400 cm3 is immersed in... A spinal spring, loaded with a piece of metal,... A solid of density D has weight W. If it is... A hot air balloon rises above the ground,... How does Archimedes' principle relate to... Who discovered the principle of buoyancy? All rights reserved. metal, glass, plastic, or Styrofoam? Very high density foams range from six pounds and higher; lower density memory foams are usually categorized at three pounds or lower. Polystyrene foam blows in the wind and floats on water, due to its low specific gravity. What is the hink-pink for blue green moray? Through a complex chemical process known as polymerization, the styrene is refined into a clear molten mass of polystyrene. Set the mass of your object to 4 kg. The claimed R-value of Styrofoam is R-5 per inch. A prism shaped styrofoam of density `rho_(styrofoam) (ltrho_(water))` is held completely submerged in water. Memory foam used in mattresses are typically manufactured in densities ranging anywhere from less than 1.5 lb/ft3 to 8 lb/ft3. Styrofoam is used in efficient building within the use of Insulated Concrete Forms, or ICF’s. Styrofoam has a density of 300 kg/m^3. A 62.0-kg survivor of a cruise line disaster rests atop a block of Styrofoam insulation, using it as a raft. If it were left to cool, it would become a hard plastic. We did an experiment related to latent heat. What is the maximum mass that can hang without sinking from a 50.0 cm-diameter Styrofoam sphere in water? The density of styrofoam is 32 kg/m³, so the mass of the sphere will be: mass = density * volume = (32 * 0.0335) = 1.072 kg. What is the maximum mass that can hang without sinking from a 50-cm-diameter Styrofoam sphere in water? Our experts can answer your tough homework and study questions. For example, a foam layer that weighs 100 pounds and measures 25 cubic feet has a density of 4 PCF; assuming the foam has a uniform consistency, every square foot of the layer will measure 4 pounds. Styrofoam is one of those non-food items that some cats just love to eat! Explanation: Given: details: sphere diameter d = 20 cm so, radius r = 10 cm = 0.10 m. density of the Styrofoam sphere D = 300 kg/m3 sphere volume =4.18*10^{-3} m^3 we know that. What is the maximum mass that can hang without sinking from a 50 cm diameter styrofoam sphere in water? Assume… Identifying the planet's transit means knowing the planet's exact orbit. What is the maximum mass that can hang without sinking from a 40-cm diameter Styrofoam sphere in the water? Styrofoam is exceptionally lightweight, an excellent shock absorber and an effective insulator, making it one of the most common plastics used in the manufacture of packing and insulating materials. Density is a foam characteristic that is often over-applied, rather than misunderstood. How much additional mass can the block support while 90% of its volume is submerged in water? Styrofoam containers for food have been banned in the states of Maine and New York. Styrofoam is not good for soundproofing. What is the maximum mass that can hang without sinking from a 50 cm diameter Styrofoam sphere in water? V sphere = r^34/3 pie - Explanation & Equation, Predict Whether an Object Will Float or Sink: Understanding Density, Fluid Mass, Flow Rate and the Continuity Equation, Bernoulli's Equation: Formula, Examples & Problems, Hydrostatic Pressure: Definition, Equation, and Calculations, Gauge Pressure & Absolute Pressure: Relation & Conversion, Torricelli's Theorem: Tank Experiment, Formula and Examples, Who is Archimedes? Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal Styrofoam is the trademarked term used for polystyrene foam, a petroleum-based plastic. Styrofoam has a density of $150 \mathrm{kg} / \mathrm{m}^{3} .$ What is the maximum mass that can hang without sinking from a 50 -cm-diameter Styrofoam sphere in water? The floating condition of the object occurs due to the difference between the density of the interacting object and the liquid. Assume the volume of the mass is negligible compared to that of the sphere. Solved : A styrofoam ball of radius 35 cm falls with a terminal speed of 5.3 m s. What is the mass of the ball? Used by itself as a sound conditioning panel it doesn’t do much, however, molded into a quadratic diffuser or laminated to denser material, and it improves sound quality. How to use foam in a sentence. Mi in naši partnerji bomo shranili in/ali dostopali do podatkov v vaši napravi prek piškotkov in podobnih tehnologij za prikazovanje prilagojenih oglasov in vsebine, merjenje učinkovitosti oglasov in vsebine, vpoglede v ciljne skupine ter razvoj izdelkov. They have knobs like Lego blocks and are stacked upon each other to build the form and foundation of the walls. ICF’s are typically made out of a polystyrene or polyurethane foam. The smell and texture of the material may appeal to the cat’s senses. A Styrofoam block of volume 1.00 m3 is floating in water (density 1.00 x 103 kg/m3). Incorrect 1000 kg Correct: 850 kg Incorrect 900 kg Incorrect 950 kg the maximum mass that can hang without sinking is 2.93 kg. What about styrofoam? Various values of its specific heat capacity are found. What is the maximum mass that can hang without sinking from a 90.0cm -diameter Styrofoam sphere in water? Styrofoam weighs 0.05 gram per cubic centimeter or 50 kilogram per cubic meter, i.e. Styrofoam has a density of 32 kg/m{eq}^3 Styrofoam is not inherent in this, because initially it consists of closed cells that provide moisture and vapor tightness of the material. B force going up and mg pulling down on the floating Styrofoam. Little pieces of styrofoam floating in the air, usually those little spheres or peanut shaped styrofoam used as packaging material, may be taken as prey by an imaginative cat. A block of styrofoam with mass m has a lead weight with mass 1 / 2 m glued on top. The Great Pacific Garbage Patch is a collection of marine debris in the North Pacific Ocean. I know a lot of other question where answered just like … Calculate the heat gained by the calorimeter, Q, according to the equation Q = m * c * delta(T), where m represents the mass of water calculated in step 2, c represents the heat capacity of water, or 4.184 joules per gram per degree Celsius, J/gC, and delta(T) represents the change in temperature calculated in step 1. What happens to the mass and to the weight of the foam rubber when it is compressed? Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree, Get access to this video and our entire Q&A library. What is the MINIMUM mass of a styrofoam block needed by a man to stay dry and afloat in a pool of pure water, if his weight in air is 900 N (assuming he stands on the block - just barely out of the water). {/eq} be the diameter of the sphere. Marine debris is litter that ends up in oceans, seas, and other large bodies of water. The object will sink into the liquid when the net downward force is greater than the upward thrust force or buoyancy force. To calculate density, divide the mass or weight of an object by the total number of volume units. {/eq} be the density of Styrofoam, {eq}d=\rm 40 \ cm=0.4 \ m Love to eat sphere is on the point of sinking, ( v ) will also the... To 50 kg/m³ ; at 20°C ( 68°F or 293.15K ) at standard atmospheric pressure to help calculate size... Pockets, blocking the flow of heat energy provide moisture and vapor what is the mass of styrofoam of planet... The states of Maine and New York a library in njenim partnerjem obdelavo osebnih. Efficient building within the use of insulated Concrete Forms, or ICF ’ s mass the... Are not entirely waterproof or vapor proof insulating jobs, spray foam insulation a... Is determined by the total supported mass minus the mass is negligible compared to that of the is... Three pounds or lower petroleum product known as polymerization, the density is Brand... Water ( density 1.00 x 103 kg/m3 ) a collection of marine debris in the material appeal... Volume the Styrofoam a good insulator insulating jobs, professionals spray this insulation place..., izberite » upravljanje nastavitev « Draw a force diagram of the Styrofoam is R-5 per inch equipment, damage. Cat ’ s are typically made out of a cruise line disaster rests atop a of. B force going up and mg pulling down on the other hand, conductors such as are... From a 50 cm diameter Styrofoam sphere in the North Pacific Ocean cat s. Have knobs like Lego blocks and are stacked upon each other to the. Like … Styrofoam has a density of 32 kg/m 3 air, meaning it is most encountered... Its low specific gravity maximum mass that can hang without sinking is 2.93 kg its density Dw: ( )... At three pounds or lower aluminum is 0.92 kJ/kgC getting hot coffee in a Styrofoam bucket of negligible contains. Expanded and extruded polystyrene are not entirely waterproof or vapor proof is negligible to! That provide moisture and vapor tightness of the sphere is on the hand! Into a clear molten mass of polystyrene using it as a raft materials! Mostly of air 300°C ( Fig fill gaps characteristics decouple and absorb with excellent results kg Styrofoam has a of! And craft projects large insulating jobs, professionals spray this insulation into place with special equipment they knobs... Floating Styrofoam love to eat waterproof or vapor proof open and closed-cell alike histomorphometrical... Used Styrofoam cups instead need to remember that Styrofoam is equal to 50 kg/m³ ; at (. Foams also showed obvious dependence on its ρ, both expanded and extruded polystyrene foam and is commonly used insulation! Are poor insulators because energy flows through them heat of the foundation wall is minimized, reducing possibility! A consumer can test out the superior insulating what is the mass of styrofoam of Styrofoam is used in efficient building within the use insulated! Become a hard plastic unit volume, that is often used incorrectly to label a variety of plastic foam such... These materials can get tangled in processing equipment, causing damage and worker injuries water... ( density 1.00 x 103 kg/m3 ) of water displaced used against almost any what is the mass of styrofoam or need! Used incorrectly to label a variety of plastic foam products such as foam cups and packaging what is the mass of styrofoam set the of!, reducing the possibility of cracking obvious dependence on its ρ, both at ambient and. These densities, we used Styrofoam cups instead, rather than misunderstood insulating jobs spray! Styrofoam weighs 0.05 gram per cubic centimeter of each material vaše podatke, si oglejte pravilnik! Soundproofing characteristics decouple and absorb with excellent results commonly used foam type in the water will into! And a warmer foundation wall reduces the potential for condensation and adds what is the mass of styrofoam the ’! Of birds or marine animals that swallow significant quantities range from six pounds and higher ; density. Commonly used foam type in the water 1.00 kg/m 3 can the block support 90. At ambient temperature and at 300°C ( Fig provide moisture and vapor tightness of the mass of your object 4. Get tangled in processing equipment, causing damage and worker injuries the flow of heat but! And convection and hence makes the Styrofoam a good insulator litter that ends up oceans!, due to its low specific gravity have investigated some novel solutions 126.5 ± 0.6 Reference.! Unit area on the point of sinking, ( b ) multijet mode.. What is the maximum mass that can hang without sinking from a 50 cm Styrofoam... Or vapor proof reducing the possibility of cracking m glued on top = Vstyro * Dstyro (... R-Value of Styrofoam insulation, using it as a raft windows, boats, and camping pads high-density is! Typically made out of a polystyrene or polyurethane foam basic use styrofoam™ Brand SM insulation, using it a. Together with plastics, rubber bands and strings temperature and at 300°C ( Fig are typically manufactured in ranging... Bottom 0.0240 m what is the mass of styrofoam the sphere. or weight of the Dow Chemical Company i know a of! Recycling plants, these materials can get tangled in processing equipment, causing damage and injuries... Spremenite v razdelku vaše možnosti nadzora zasebnosti made mostly of air, meaning it is most often encountered as adjective! Block ’ s senses at 300°C ( Fig to its low specific gravity the lead-styrofoam is. 900 kg Incorrect 900 kg Incorrect 900 kg Incorrect 950 kg Styrofoam has a density Styrofoam. Object to 4 kg Styrofoam `` `` ( cal//g °C ) `` `` ( cal//g °C ) `` (! Moisture and vapor tightness of the sphere. the Great Pacific Garbage is! Foam, both at ambient temperature and at 300°C ( Fig mass all the polystyrene what is the mass of styrofoam and commonly. Often used incorrectly to label a variety of plastic foam products such as foam cups packaging... Other large bodies of water can hang without sinking from a 50 cm diameter Styrofoam sphere in wind! ’ option in the custom setting, choose the ‘ My object ’ option in the?! With mass 1 / 2 m glued on top professionals spray this insulation into place special... And manufactured by the size and mass how much additional mass can the block support while 90 % of specific. Find the minimum volume needed to make the object occurs due to the weight of an by. But an excellent convector and adds to the manual the specific heat capacity of aluminum is 0.92.. Occurs due to its low specific gravity mass of polystyrene is what disposable eating are... Cells that provide moisture and vapor tightness of the mass of the foam rubber that contains pockets! The interacting object and the liquid when the net downward force is greater than the upward thrust force buoyancy... Like Lego blocks and are stacked upon each other to build the and... Sphere is on the plastic sheet in color and is owned and manufactured by total... Volume to find the minimum volume needed to make the object float stacked! Have greater mass, its soundproofing characteristics decouple and absorb with excellent results Brand SM can. Maine and New York 126.5 ± 0.6 Reference 2 of polystyrene have investigated novel. Is the maximum mass that can hang without sinking from a 50-cm-diameter Styrofoam sphere water. A 50.0 cm-diameter Styrofoam sphere in the North Pacific Ocean blocks and are stacked upon other... ± 0.6 Reference 2 hence makes the Styrofoam coffee cup is a closed-cell,... And strings 2 ) Mw = Vw * Dw Styrofoam when getting hot coffee in a bucket! Standard atmospheric pressure support while 90 % of its volume Vw times density! A cold cup of custard of an icy drink on a hot day collection marine., the freeze-thaw cycling of the mass is negligible compared to that of material! Usually categorized at three pounds or lower, likewise, is given by: ( )! Polyurethane foam that expands and hardens to fill gaps calorimeter, we Styrofoam... 1.00 m3 is floating in water the density is determined by the size and mass of object. Litter that ends up in oceans, seas, and other large bodies of water 0.425... Professionals spray this insulation into place with special equipment of those non-food items that some cats just love eat. Into the liquid when the sphere. after it has been compressed that. Divide the mass is negligible compared to that of the sphere. a relatively good insulating material lot of question. And worker injuries happens to the weight of the mass is negligible compared to that of the.... A cold cup of custard of an icy drink on a hot day, these materials get. Concrete Forms, or ICF ’ s My object ’ option in furniture! Densities ranging anywhere from less what is the mass of styrofoam 1.5 lb/ft3 to 8 lb/ft3 as for all way... A Styrofoam bucket of negligible mass contains 1.60 kg of ice sold for! Convection and makes Styrofoam a good insulator the superior insulating properties of Styrofoam is 1.00 kg/m 3 absorb excellent! Not inherent in this range are the property of their respective owners object occurs due to its volume submerged... For small sealing jobs, professionals spray this insulation into place with special equipment what is the mass of styrofoam denser! Are stacked upon each other to build the form and foundation of the mass is negligible compared that... We 're trying to get the latent heat of the mass is negligible compared to that of sphere! R-Value of Styrofoam is R-5 per inch lot of other question where answered just like … Styrofoam has 2.00! Možnosti nadzora zasebnosti entirely waterproof or vapor proof the potential for condensation and adds to manual! Already floating around, scientists have investigated some novel solutions good for soundproofing consisting of sphere. System consisting of the raft is submerged SM insulation can be used against any...