The Moment of Youth: How to Change a Teenager's Life; Marilyn Price-Mitchell, Ph.D. This “has learned” viewpoint too often reflects the faulty assumption that the child has learned a speech production skill in the therapy room and that the transfer phase involves only habitually “using” the learned behavior in outside situations. “I had to talk to the media a lot, and once they put a camera in my face that's when it got bad," Sproles said. If the child begins to experience difficulties in coping, they can meet more often until he gets back “on track.” Then, the time periods can be extended again. The language-propositionality complexity refers to the nature of the speaking task. The clinician can discuss with the teacher the daily activities that occur with the children. Do they have a chance to answer questions, to ask them, to tell a story, to read aloud, etc.? Obviously, there are  many other ways it can be done. In addition, however, the clinician should plan on time to be spent with school personnel and, if possible, the child’s parents. In the tedious process team work plays an important role in making teaching profession very effective. Others will meet with the child and the clinician in the classroom after school. All this work by schools around the world has helped the Green Cup Challenge to yield a savings of more than 9.7 million kW hours. What does he think is wrong with him? Obviously, it is easier for a child to change certain ways of acting and to observe the consequences if the people in his environment are supportive and reinforcing to the ways he is communicating—both verbally and nonverbally. Darren Sproles, now a running back for The Philadelphia Eagles, made history with the San Diego Chargers in 2007 when he became the first player in NFL history to return a kickoff and a punt for his first two NFL touchdowns in the same game. The “desired” behavior will vary from clinician to clinician depending upon her approach to therapy. Some are able to transfer easily and consistently into increasingly difficult situations following a period of role playing with the clinician. This example is used to point out the kinds of misconceptions that exist. Watching children learn and develop is inspirational. The speaking behavior that the listener observes, is the part that the child could not hide. Then he will understand the logic behind requests to take the child into the halls during class time even though it is ordinarily against school policy. During the course of the therapy program, much of the communication between the clinician and the parents can be done by phone.Preparing the Child for the Transfer of Improved Speech. It can serve to emphasize the need to practice in “easy situations” in order to know what to do at those times when increased emotion is involved. You have an opportunity to become a role model as an encouraging guide or leader, servicing and giving back to your community. Get Your Custom Essay on. These, as well as other questions, can be discussed with the child using language and examples that can be understood and shared. Teachers don’t just influence the students, but students help teachers broaden their way of … If this cannot be done, the child should be referred to someone who can. Why school environment is important. This can serve as the foundation from which to discuss with him what is “going on” when he stutters—the things he can do that will make it harder to talk—the things he can do to help. The clinician can then vary systematically the complexity of the speaking situation. School buildings and grounds must be designed and maintained to … They feel “strange” or “kind of funny.” They are afraid that people will notice—and say something! Her role will vary from situation to situation. This may appear to be a great deal of time to spend with one client in the schools but (1) the nature of the stuttering problem requires more clinician time than some of the other speech problems do, and (2) most clinicians who spend less time than this report very little success with the stuttering child.Preparing the Environment for Transfer. This can help the child learn to feel free to change the ways he acts. The clinician can help the child learn to cope constructively with these changing listener reactions. Embodied in the short talks with the child over time can be the philosophy that he is a pretty “normal kid” who may get tangled up at times when he talks—but that if he does, he can change what he is doing and talk the way he wants to talk. There needs to be a discussion in order for them to understand the therapy program and their place in it. Furthermore, now the clinician and the teacher stand side by side in what they expect the child to do and this makes it easier for the child to be successful. The purpose of this chapter is to discuss ways to accomplish—and some problems involved in—“transfer” and “maintenance” in stuttering therapy for elementary school aged children. For example, the clinician bursts in on the teacher to have a conference when the teacher has ten minutes to make final preparations for the remainder of the day. You may also receive the same or similar vacations as your kids, especially if they are in the same school system. I couldn't really stress about it, because that's just me.". Children differ in the ease with which they transfer the improved manner of speaking. You want life-long, committed educators – people who entered the profession as a calling, who dedicate their lives to young people. The clinician can discuss with the teacher ways that she would feel comfortable participating in the therapy program. We asked them if they talked to the stutterers informally in the halls or between classes as much as they did to children who do not stutter. The child can participate in the planning of speaking tasks. Anyone can join the Green Schools Alliance, but you don't need to be a part of a formal program to implement environment-friendly practices in your school. Give a reason or example. Whether you are a teacher, secretary, nurse, custodian, chef or cafeteria server or an assistant or administrator, working in a school provides numerous opportunities throughout the day to interact with young people. Weeks even for 15 minutes each time begin to meet with the clinician work for open of... A team will have a chance to answer questions, can be rather frightening that game Sproles... 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