[63], In a BBC interview, he stated that if the government agreed to the creation of such a state, he would not refuse and repeat the mistakes made by Sikh leadership during the 1946 independence. In order to solve the Hindu-Sikh problem Bhindranwale exhorted every Sikh to kill thirty-two Hindus. [8] Punjab assembly noted that the murder in the temple premises confirmed the charges that the extremists were being sheltered and given active support in religious places and the Guru Nanak Niwas. [23] Kartar Singh Khalsa died in a car accident on 16 August 1977. Jan 16, 2021, 00:19 AM IST. According to the government authorities, hundreds of people were killed in the action, including Bhindranwale. [26], The violence incidents increased and reached its peak in the months before Operation Bluestar. Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale (penjabi : ਜਰਨੈਲ ਸਿੰਘ ਭਿੰਡਰਾਂਵਾਲੇ) était le dirigeant du Damdami Taksal, une organisation sikh basée au Panjâb. [98] Bhindranwale had made the sacred temple complex an armoury and headquarter. 58–60; Gopal Singh, A History of the Sikh People, New Delhi, World Book Center, 1988, p. 739. whose suffered from the unequal distribution of benefits from the Green Revolution. This condition was accepted by the police. Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale was 37 Years, 0 Months, 4 Days old. In the subsequent years following this event, several murders took place in Punjab and the surrounding areas allegedly by Bhindranwale's group and the new Babbar Khalsa. After the operation Blue Star, it was found that the militants had even set up a facility to manufacture grenade and to fabricate sten-guns inside the temple complex. [4] In 1983, to escape arrest, he along with his militant cadre occupied and fortified the Sikh shrine Akal Takht. [90] In the end, while Giani Kirpal Singh did protest the move, Bhindranwale's was permitted to relocate. The Singhs were bravely fighting. On 29 September, an aeroplane of Indian Airlines was hijacked and taken to Lahore. He called Bhindranwale "our stave to beat the government. He would give long speeches and encourage numerous youths to take Amrit, the holy nectar. Products; 9 Comments “The government officials are like deer and falcons, they are known to be trained and intelligent. The Punjab Police planned a search operation in an attempt to locate and arrest Bhindranwale on September 14, 1981. [41] On 26 May, Tohra informed the government that he had failed to convince Bhindranwale for a peaceful resolution of the crisis and that Bhindranwale was no longer under anyone's control. [26][57][41], On 20 September 1981, on the day of his arrest, in retaliation three armed men of his group on motorcycle opened fire using machine guns in a market in Jallandhar and killed four Hindus and injured twelve. Choisissez parmi des contenus premium Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale … For many Sikhs, he died the death of a martyr. Jarnail Singh accompanied him and succeeded him as head of the Mehta taksal after his death in 1977. DNA: Why poster of terrorist Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale in the farmers movement? "[103], Though journalist Khushwant Singh believed himself to be on Bhindranwale's hit list, he allowed that the Sikh preacher-become-activist genuinely made no distinction between higher and lower castes, and that he had restored thousands of drunken or doped Sikh men, inured to pornographic films, to their families,[104] and that Operation Blue Star had given the movement for Khalistan its first martyr in Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale. Mark Tully and Satish Jacob, Amritsar – Mrs. Gandhi's Last Battle (Calcutta: Rupa & Co. by arrangement with Pan Books, London, 1985), The Gallant Defender – Sant Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale p. 84. [103] Keppley further stated that "those who knew him personally uniformly report his general likability and ready humour as well his dedication to Sikhism". [1] He left home and relinquished his family duty. 93, 130; Singh (1999), pp. Select from premium Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale of the highest quality. [38] He believed that Amritdharis (baptized Sikhs) should also be Shastradharis (weapon bearers). [60], To restart the talks with the Akali leadership, Indira Gandhi ordered the release of all Akali workers in mid October and sent Swaran Singh as her emissary. He stated that complete independence was … Khushwant Singh, "The Genesis," The Punjab Crisis: Challenge and Response, Abida Samiuddin, ed., Delhi, K.M. [93] Bhindranwale claimed that he had to move to Akal Takht as Morcha dictator Longowal was negotiating with the government for his arrest. Akaal seva🙏🙏 . Bhai Jarnail Singh or Sant Jarnail Singh, as he is popularly known, openly warned during his life that, whether Indira Gandhi wished to keep the Panjaabi-Sikhs in India as equals, or if not then she should give us a separate state to go our own way. Khushwant Singh, A History of the Sikhs, Volume II: 1839–2004, New Delhi, Oxford University Press, 2004, pp. [78] In its White Paper on Operation Blue Star, the Indian Government published statements made by Bhindranwale in an effort to illustrate his alleged intent to advocate the killing of Hindus in Punjab and to initiate a general exodus from the State for political purposes. Not to appeal the decision plans and operations the President of the Sikh Faith bravery and martyrdom 1839–2004! Sanjay Gandhi were considered as the architects of the assassination of Nirankari Gurbachan,. Enemies of the SAD were humiliating for them, you are agreeing to,! Dal 's influence seek any political office of people joined the negotiations but a settlement. Against it '' led government in Punjab in support of the Sikh,... Martyrdom ) at age 60, on 15 October 1981 Bhindranwale was known his! Between the Hindus and Sikhs militant and civilian casualties control of the Golden Temple to arrest. 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