In addition, proline, sucrose, and 2,4-d were used in these media. In: Statistical review of world energy, vol. This review will discuss three of the most important traits of sweet sorghum… Mekbib F. Farmers’ breeding of sorghum in the centre of diversity, Ethiopia: I. Socio-ecotype differentiation, varietal mixture and selection efficiency. Therefore, lignocellulosic biomass and plants that can be grown on marginal lands have attracted attention of researchers [7]. Therefore, other readily available explants, especially shoot tips, have also been widely used [139]. The effect of row spacing and seeding rate on biomass production and plant stand characteristics of non-irrigated photoperiod-sensitive sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench). Many lines resistant to stem borer infection have also been identified. CSH 22SS is tolerant to anthracnose, grain mold, and downy mildew; SSV 84 has tolerance against shoot fly, aphids, and rust; CSV 19SS has shoot fly tolerance; CSV 24SS has resistance to shoot fly and stem borer [78]. Theor Appl Genet. According to a recent AICRP annual report, 16 hybrids and 23 varieties are being evaluated at various locations [82]. Berlin: Springer; 2015. p. 83–91. Article  Sweet sorghum cultivar options. Amali P, Kingsley SJ, Ignacimuthu S. Enhanced plant regeneration involving somatic embryogenesis from shoot tip explants of Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench. Sweet sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench], a C4 Graminaceous crop which has sugar-rich stalks and which is a water-use efficient crop has a very good potential as an alternative feed stock for ethanol production. The grains of sweet sorghum can be used as a gluten-free substitute of wheat or corn flour. from sweet sorghum stalks, biogas production from sweet sorghum and environmental cum socio-economic aspects. This database provides sequence information as well as comparative viewer to compare syntenic regions in sorghum with that of rice and Brachypodium. In comparison to lignocellulosic biomass crops like switchgrass and Miscanthus, soluble sugars in the form of glucose, fructose, and sucrose in sweet sorghum are readily fermentable [30]. Because, it has higher tolerance to salt and drought comparing to sugarcane and corn that are currently used for biofuel production in the world. Biotechnology for Biofuels The most important finding of the study was distant relationship of one accession named Bengaga to the other six accessions. Unexpected yield losses due to environmental stresses and disease outbreaks is another major concern on large-scale planting at marginal lands. Leveraging such datasets, SorGSD (http://sorgsd.big.ac.cn/]) has been developed that provides a web-based query interface to search SNPs in sorghum accessions [114]. 2012;63(15):5451–62. Sugar Tech. Construction of a rice glycoside hydrolase phylogenomic database and identification of targets for biofuel research. 2014;14(35):1–14. In: Rao PS, Kumar CG, editors. Briefly, these include RFLPs (restriction fragment length polymorphism), AFLPs (amplified fragment length polymorphism), STS (sequence-tagged sites), DArTs (Diversity Array Technology), SSRs (simple sequence repeats), and PAVs (presence absence variations) [91,92,93,94,95,96]. Zhao and coworkers [145] optimized Agrobacterium-mediated transformation in sorghum with an average transformation efficiency of ~2%. Int J Plant Prod. Therefore, sweet sorghum stems are usually harvested about 30 days after anthesis [59]. for sweet sorghum and ramp product adoption.” The report concludes that Brazilian ethanol production needs to grow, but it needs to grow affordably. Lu X-P, Yun J-F, Gao C-P, Acharya S. Quantitative trait loci analysis of economically important traits in Sorghum bicolor × S. sudanense hybrid. Fernandez MG, Strand K, Hamblin MT, Westgate M, Heaton E, Kresovich S. Genetic analysis and phenotypic characterization of leaf photosynthetic capacity in a sorghum (Sorghum spp.) Sci Agric Sin. Accessed 23 Nov 2016. BMC Genom. Conversely, Agilent Technologies Ltd. developed customized DNA arrays comprising 28 and 44K features for sorghum. Enhanced plant regeneration in grain and sweet sorghum by asparagine, proline and cefotaxime. PAV markers in Sorghum bicolor: genome pattern, affected genes and pathways, and genetic linkage map construction. Plant Physiol. Integrating sorghum whole genome sequence information with a compendium of sorghum QTL studies reveals uneven distribution of QTL and of gene-rich regions with significant implications for crop improvement. Vinutha KS, Rayaprolu L, Yadagiri K, Umakanth AV, Patil JV, Srinivasa Rao P. Sweet sorghum research and development in India: status and prospects. bicolor [72]. Major objectives were to understand the biology of sugar accumulation; effect of drought stress and plant phenology on sugar yields; investigate the technological, environmental, economic, and social aspects for long-term sustainability; optimization of cultural practices; and crop modeling. Hybrids including Madhura, NARI-SSH45, and NARI-SSH48 with good grain yield and high Brix content have also been developed at NARI [28]. Zhao Z, Cai T, Tagliani L, Miller M, Wang N, Pang H, Rudert M, Schroeder S, Hondred D, Seltzer J, et al. A global meta-analysis. Washington, DC: American Society of Agronomy and Crop Science Society of America, Inc; 2016. p. 1–27. 2). Nakamura Y, Kudo T, Terashima S, Saito M, Nambara E, Yano K. CATchUP: a web database for spatiotemporally regulated genes. Overall, sweet sorghum improvement programs are motivated by three major goals including (1) improving the quantity and quality of the stalk juice, (2) identification of multipurpose varieties that can accumulate sugars in the stalk as well as produce good quality grains and high biomass, and (3) engineering resistance to combat potential biotic and abiotic stresses. Genomics of Saccharinae. Background „Assessment of energy and greenhouse gas inventories of Sweet Sorghum for first and second generation bio-ethanol“ Report commissioned by the Food and Agriculture … Integrated energy systems in china—the Cold Northeastern Region Experience. Genome Biol Evol. Proportion and composition of sugar content in sweet sorghum stalks is a critical factor when considering it as a potential biofuel feedstock. Wu E, Lenderts B, Glassman K, Berezowska-Kaniewska M, Christensen H, Asmus T, Zhen S, Chu U, Cho M-J, Zhao Z-Y. 2013;14(1):95–105. Codesido V, Vacas R, Macarulla B, Gracia MP, Igartua E. Agronomic and digital phenotyping evaluation of sweet sorghum public varieties and F1 hybrids with potential for ethanol production in Spain. PubMed Google Scholar. Some of these including ICSB 631 and ICSB 264 are selected as seed parents, whereas Seredo, ICSR 93034, S 35, ICSV 700, ICSV 93046, E 36-1, NTJ 2, and Entry 64 DTN are used as the male parents [81]. Other QTLs of agronomic importance are those associated with main culm height [183], culm length, width and number [184], number of nodes [185], and stem diameter [132, 185, 186]. Among these, bar is most widely used [158]. Twenty-three SWEET genes were identified and implicated in efflux of sucrose from the leaf, unloading sucrose from the phloem in the stem, seed, and pollen development. However recently, Sayyad-Amin and colleagues analyzed the effect of salinity on photosynthetic pigment attributes in both grain and sweet-forage sorghum. [26] reported differential expression of sucrose synthase genes between grain and sweet sorghum cultivars. Springer Nature. Rice. Challenges associated with bioethanol production from sweet sorghum. 1996;97(2):277–84. 2, Liaotian No. Furthermore, an excellent resource of cDNA clones has been generated for sorghum by coupling RNA sequencing data from spikelet, stem, and seed tissues with functional annotations derived from a cDNA library [122]. A jar of sweet sorghum syrup. Sweet sorghum provides high yields of sugar in a manner similar to sugar cane, and similarly requires … Am J Plant Sci. These include E 27, ICSV 24 93046, ICSV 700, IS 2205, IS 5353, IS 18162, IS 18164, NSSV 6, KARS 95, and GGUB 50 [78]. For callus induction, all the three combination produced same efficiency. Makita Y, Shimada S, Kawashima M, Kondou-Kuriyama T, Toyoda T, Matsui M. MOROKOSHI: transcriptome database in Sorghum bicolor. In addition to the agricultural waste, several grasses like switchgrass, Miscanthus, and foxtail millet have been identified as candidate bioenergy feedstock. Sharma MK, Solanke AU, Jani D, Singh Y, Sharma AK. Molecular genetic identification of some sweet sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench.] 2014;64:348–55. Copyright © 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Proteomics. Juice, ethanol and grain yield potential of five sweet sorghum (Sorghum bicolor [L.] Moench) cultivars. Recently, Visarada and colleagues [138] showed that frequent subcultures at initial stages help to overcome inhibitory effect of polyphenols in SSV 84 and RSSV 9 genotypes of sweet sorghum. BMC Genom. Recently, X125, an accession of Haoduan has been reported as a good parental candidate for developing high-yielding cultivars in sweet sorghum [87]. Phylogenetic relationships of saccharinae and sorghinae. In: Zhang TC, Nakajima M, editors. Shiringani AL, Frisch M, Friedt W. Genetic mapping of QTLs for sugar-related traits in a RIL population of Sorghum bicolor L. Moench. Cirad; 2014: FP7-CP-SICA. The explants tested for sweet sorghum regeneration include immature/mature embryos, immature inflorescence, shoot tips, segments of primordial leaves, and hypocotyl segments from in vitro seedlings [135, 144]. Rita Sharma or Manoj K. Sharma. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. However, large amount of data has been generated by differential hybridization using microarrays and resequencing to explore the genetic variation and sequence polymorphisms in grain and sweet sorghum cultivars [100, 110, 111]. Harris-Shultz KR, Davis RF, Knoll JE, Anderson W, Wang H. Inheritance and identification of a major quantitative trait locus (QTL) that confers resistance to Meloidogyne incognita and a novel QTL for plant height in sweet sorghum. Rutto LK, Xu Y, Brandt M, Ren S, Kering MK. by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Sweet sorghum stardom! Some parts of the central and southern region, subtropical regions of Uttar Pradesh, and Uttaranchal are most suitable for commercial cultivation of sweet sorghum in India [78]. Production systems and management practices for sweet sorghum have not been fully developed for the USA, although sporadic research efforts during recent decades have provided some insights into production of sweet sorghum primarily for fermentable sugar production. Atlanta: Soil and Water Conservation Society; 2010. p. 149–59. Asian J Plant Sci Res. 2015;16(534):1–18. Oyier MO, Owuoche JO, Oyoo ME, Cheruiyot E, Mulianga B, Rono J. The component maps were based on SSRs, AFLPs, and high-throughput DArT markers. J Agric Technol. Yu H, Cong L, Zhu Z, Wang C, Zou J, Tao C, Shi Z, Lu X. Here, in this review, we provide an overview of existing resources available for sweet sorghum research and highlight the recent advances made to initiate crop improvement efforts. 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