The greatest amounts of hydrocarbons are used as fuel for combustion, particularly in heating and motor fuel applications. In organic chemistry, a hydrocarbon is an organic compound consisting entirely of hydrogen and carbon. Hydrocarbons are compounds made out of Carbon and Hydrogen atoms ONLY! Paraffin - The wax that we use for a variety of industries, everything from candle making and food preservation to medical and industrial uses, contains hydrocarbons. The cracking produces a mixture of alkanes and alkenes. Hydrocarbons are the main component of crude oil, natural gases, and most pesticides. They are … Hydrocarbons Objectives Describe the bonding in hydrocarbons. Hydrocarbon: An organic chemical compound composed exclusively of hydrogen and carbon atoms. Without them, it would not be easy for us to work especially with the use of machines, because many hydrocarbon derivatives 3. Due to carbon’s unique bonding patterns, hydrocarbons can have single, double, or triple bonds between the carbon atoms. Besides the uses mentioned A site’s return to its original state following an oil spill does not therefore necessarily imply a total absence of hydrocarbons … These bonds may be single, multiple or hexagonal, and determine whether the hydrocarbon is a liquid or gas at any given temperature. The fuels that we use as sources of energy like CNG and LPG are nothing but a mixture of hydrocarbons only. The larger fraction of hydrocarbon is converted to gas by heating, then passed over a catalyst of mixed silicon dioxide and aluminum oxide at about 600-700 C. Some common hydrocarbons and their uses: Name Uses Methane It is used as a fuel in electrical generation. Many hydrocarbons are found in plants, animals, and their fossils; other hydrocarbons have been prepared in the laboratory. Hydrocarbons are compounds which contain hydrogen and carbon only. Produces less amount of carbon dioxide. Hydrocarbons are organic compounds that are made of only hydrogen and carbon atoms. Title PowerPoint Presentation - 2.1 Classes of Hydrocarbons Author Nick Turro Last modified by Thomas Poon Created Date 10/28/2003 5:33:44 PM Document presentation format On-screen Show Company Columbia University Uses of Aromatic Hydrocarbons The use of aromatic hydrocarbons is common in both biological and synthetic processes. Some numerous uses of aromatic hydrocarbons are given below. Distinguish between straight-chain alkaneand branched-chain alkane. In National 4 Chemistry learn more about different groups of hydrocarbons. Aliphatic hydrocarbons Because of the interlocking network of the chemical industry, it will be helpful to return briefly to the original raw materials.Earlier the aromatic group of organic chemicals was described; contrasted with these are the aliphatics, of which a number … Since cracking converts larger hydrocarbons into smaller hydrocarbons, … For example, for model glues, toluene is used as solvent while naphthalene is used as mothballs. The names of hydrocarbons with single bonds end in “-ane,” those with double bonds end in “-ene,” and those with triple bonds end in “-yne”. Nonetheless, hydrocarbons never miss a chance to play a significant role in our daily life. Yes, there are many uses of Hydrocarbons that makes them very important in our today's civilization. Suitable for C1. Cracking is a process to break down large chain hydrocarbons to smaller chain hydrocarbons, with the help of heat and catalyst. Hydrocarbons Physical Properties and their Relevance to Utilisation 11 Physical properties of organic liquids 1. The presence of these hydrocarbons in the marine environment is not negligible, even if they are not comparable with the concentrations reached when an oil spill occurs. Uses of hydrocarbons Review (Part 1) Reactions of alkenes Alcohols Properties and combustion of alcohols Carboxylic acids Natural and addition polymers Condensation polymers Review (Part 2) … Hydrocarbons are molecules of carbon hydrogen and oxygen that have different chemical and physical properties depending on the structure of their bonding. Please have a look at the example below. : 620 Hydrocarbons are examples of group 14 hydrides.Hydrocarbons from which one hydrogen atom has been removed are functional groups called hydrocarbyls. Some numerous uses of aromatic hydrocarbons are listed below. The hydrocarbons are the most broadly used organic compounds known, and are quite literally the driving force of western civilization. Smaller hydrocarbons are more useful as fuels than larger hydrocarbons. Compound 1 is a hydrocarbon, because it consists of only hydrogen and carbon atoms. Hydrocarbon Hydrocarbons are compounds comprised exclusively of carbon and hydrogen and they are by far the dominant components of crude oil, processed petroleum hydrocarbons (gasoline, diesel, kerosene, fuel oil, and These petrochemicals are simply hydrocarbons of different chemical compositions. Uses of Aromatic Hydrocarbons In several industries, aromatic hydrocarbons have wide applications. Uses of Hydrocarbons There’s not a single use of hydrocarbons, multiple uses of hydrocarbons are known. They occur naturally in compounds like DNA and within some amino acids that make up proteins. The green pigment found in plants is commonly known as chlorophyll, consisting of aromatic hydrocarbons, and it is essential in the food production process in plants. Hydrocarbon gas is … Uses Aromatic hydrocarbons are everywhere, literally. Produces least about of carbon dioxide. the use of hydrocarbons (alkanes) depends on the number of carbon atoms number of carbon atoms form use 1-4 (g) heating and cooking fuel 5 … Besides being the fuel for gas grills, propane has other uses in households. Common Hydrocarbons and Their Uses Name Number of Carbon Atoms Uses Methane 1 Fuel in electrical generation. It shows a demonstration practical that can be used to show the products of combustion of alkanes. 15.5 Uses of Hydrocarbons Sources of hydrocarbons Crude oil is the main source of hydrocarbons, it is found trapped in layers beneath the surface of the earth.Crude oil is a complex mixture of hydrocarbons – alkanes, cycloalkanes and aromatic compounds.. Physical properties of organic liquids 1.1 Introduction … Ppt details fractional distillation and the uses for each fraction. z list various uses of hydrocarbons; and z explain the term carcinogenicity and Toxicity. It also shows the trends in the fractions. Hydrocarbons and hydrocarbon fuels (gas, liquid, and solid) are one of the Earth's most important energy resources. The green pigment found in plants, more They also reduce the photosynthetic ability Hydrocarbons are molecules that contain only carbon and hydrogen. Point: Hydrocarbons like oil and gas have done nothing but cause chaos! They are found in many places, including crude oil and natural gas. Hydrocarbons with the same formula, including alkanes, can have different structures. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. 24.1 ALKANES (PARAFFINS) Alkanes are saturated hydrocarbons. On the other hand Distinguish between straight-chain alkaneand branched-chain alkane. Counter-Point : Increased energy use from hydrocarbons has actually been strongly connected to a … All of these substances contribute to the greenhouse effect, and the depletion of the ozone layer. We use hydrocarbons every day, mainly as fuels, such as natural gas, acetylene, propane, butane, and Let’s explore the same under the following points: These are used as a combustible fuel source, eg: Methane which is the Learn the different forms of these simple, yet varied, organic compounds. Fossils ; other hydrocarbons have wide applications these petrochemicals are simply hydrocarbons of different uses of hydrocarbons compositions multiple... Learn more about different groups of hydrocarbons the hydrocarbon is An organic compound consisting entirely of hydrogen and carbon.. 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