Indigenous Justice This series focuses on issues of Indigenous justice, including issues of social and criminal justice, law, and environmental justice as they impact Indigenous North America (with occasional references to other Indigenous nations). Missing statistics and the lack of a comprehensive database of state and federal information specific to missing and murdered Indigenous peoples, however, have proven challenging in communicating to outsiders just how pervasive the problem is. “We got braver and braver, and now we’re not afraid of anyone,” Fast Horse said at the time. This was the battle Tilsen found himself in. The Policy also talks about how EPA works with indigenous peoples throughout the United States. “The issues contributing to the over-incarceration of Indigenous persons are beyond the capacity of the justice system to resolve. Introduction. Racial Inequality. Its size, its “permanent beauty” and “permanent importance” meant that “ten thousand years from now” Americans would meditate in reverence here. Healthcare: “We need to call for equality being the floor not the ceiling.” Cindy Blackstock, First … Education Equity The political and legal ducks are aligned. From a distance,  the green pines and the blue-gray haze that gently hug the valleys of the Black Hills merge into a deep black. NDN Collective President Nick Tilsen, 38, in his office in November in Rapid City, South Dakota. There is a friendly government. Our Indigenous Justice priorities are informed by conversations with Indigenous leaders and community members across the state, with equity in all aspects of life as our top priority. (Peltier has always maintained his innocence.) Click here to download accompanying slides. In separate statements, Frazier and Julian Running Bear, the president of the Oglala Sioux Tribe, demanded the return of the Black Hills. They have become an international symbol of the call to return stolen land to Indigenous people. The head of George Washington is carved into the side of a mountain at the Mount Rushmore National Memorial in South Dakota’s Black Hills. Our Indigenous Justice priorities are informed by conversations with Indigenous leaders and community members across the state, with … Tilsen is facing charges for his role in protesting President Trump’s visit to Mount Rushmore in July.Tailyr Irvine/High Country News, “A lot of the protectors had coup sticks, eagle feathers, and (sage) smudge sticks — and everything that you could think of that was sacred to us,” Laura Ten Fingers, one of the young Lakotas who helped organize the protest, recalled. A U.S. Government (USG) side event, Traditional Knowledge – U.S. Government Consideration, was held in April 2019, as part of the Eighteenth Session of the Permanent Forum on Indigenous IssuesExit. In the 1920s, South Dakota’s first state historian, Doane Robinson, proposed building a massive sculpture to attract visitors to the remote location. Search this website for a collection of useful Indigenous justice resources for Australia and New Zealand. “Do you know, it’s my dream to have my face on Mount Rushmore,” Trump told South Dakota Republican Gov. Native American children in South Dakota have the lowest rates of economic mobility in the nation, according to a 2017 Annie E. Casey Foundation report. Land theft brought material deprivation. Collaborate with federal agencies and others on environmental justice issues of tribes, indigenous peoples, and others living in Indian country. This is a place of origin for dozens of Native peoples and a revered landscape for more than 50 others. The ACLU of Wyoming recognizes that Indigenous Justice is not racial justice alone, but a complexity of political and sovereignty issues. A week earlier, he signed an executive order that condemned the destruction as the actions of “rioters, arsonists, and left-wing extremists,” calling for the arrest of vandals who destroyed federal property and their imprisonment for up to 10 years. Background: Indigenous American communities face disproportionate health burdens and environmental health risks compared with the average North American population. So the Legislature criminalized pipeline-related protests ahead of the construction of the Keystone XL pipeline. The site is still sacred to the Klan and Confederate sympathizers. “The Black Hills issue is part of my identity,” he said. Since the inception of the Policy in 2014, EPA has been working to implement its seventeen principles. “Our nation is witnessing a merciless campaign to wipe out our history, defame our heroes, erase our values, and indoctrinate our children,” Trump warned the crowd at the base of Mount Rushmore, the day before Independence Day last year. The justice system can only be part of the solution, and it must have at its disposal real and meaningful alternatives to the tools currently available.” “I DON’T WANT TO BE the next Leonard Peltier,” Tilsen told me, referring to the legendary American Indian Movement activist, who has been imprisoned since 1977 for the murder of two FBI agents. United States Environmental Protection Agency, Federal officials (EPA, ACHP and FS) speaking at the U.S. Government side event on Traditional Knowledge, held during the 18th Session of the Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues, April 24, 2019. In a treaty signed at Fort Laramie just six years earlier, the United States had pledged that a reservation — a 35 million-acre “permanent home” encompassing the entirety of what is currently the half of South Dakota west of the Missouri River — would be “set apart for the absolute and undisturbed use and occupation” of the Sioux Nation. Long revered by many Indigenous peoples, the Black Hills are now also at the center of the NDN Collective’s LandBack campaign. EPA began the development of the Policy in 2011, tasking the EPA Tribal and Indigenous Peoples Environmental Justice Work Group, comprised of EPA staff, with creating a draft policy. Moreover, the leaders at the helm of this special issue all highlight place-based efforts to advance Indigenous environmental justice, rooted in Indigenous knowledge and epistemologies. This section needs an excerpt. With a primary focus on the mainland United States, books will also include Alaska and Hawaii. It’s a way of ensuring it’s protected and preserved by the people who originally took care of it, which is us.”. The side eventExitincluded panelists from the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation (ACHP), EPA’s Office of Environmental Justice, and the USDA/Forest Service. I’ve been wanting my land back.” No one owns the phrase, he said; it “has lived in the spirit of the people for a long time.”. Change the Record is chaired by Indigenous experts in the justice space and draws on the combined expertise of Indigenous peak, community sector and human rights organisations. In 2017, EPA’s Office of Land and Emergency Management issued a memorandum to provide direction to improve the decision-making process as it relates to site assessment, characterization, and cleanup activities (PDF) (6 pp, 225K), to ensure OLEM is considering TEK when tribes willingly provide this information to the EPA. Borglum himself was a bridge: The child of a polygamist Mormon family of Danish settlers in Idaho, he made a name for himself as an artist in service of the Ku Klux Klan. Understanding the Overrepresentation of Indigenous People in the Criminal Justice System. “It’s also about undoing what was done to us as a people.” Also down the road from Tilsen’s home, just outside of Porcupine on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation, is KILI, “the voice of the Lakota Nation” — the radio station his parents helped jumpstart in the 1990s. The consideration of TEK offers a way of bridging gaps in perspective and understanding, especially when used in conjunction with knowledge derived from the scientific method. The recent acquittal by a jury of Gerald Stanley, a white farmer, in the shooting death of Colten Boushie, an Indigenous man from the Red Pheasant First Nation in Saskatchewan, has again raised issues about the way the criminal justice system deals with Indigenous people. Tilsen is the president and CEO of NDN Collective, a Native-run nonprofit based in Rapid City, South Dakota, which launched a campaign on Indigenous Peoples’ Day in 2020 to return He Sapa to Native people. The Klan hardened Borglum’s strident xenophobia and belief in European — meaning Nordic — racial superiority. It must have felt like there were thousands of us, because you could feel that spiritual power from the hills. The concerns the case raised focused not only on the verdict by the all-white jury but also on how the jury was selected, in particular the fact … Raised in Minneapolis, Minnesota, the birthplace of AIM, Tilsen spent his summers in Pine Ridge, where he was born, immersed in the movement. His Jewish grandfather, Kenneth Tilsen, was a prominent civil rights attorney, who with his wife, Rachel (daughter of the celebrated socialist writer Meridel Le Sueur) defended draft resisters during the Vietnam War. You can read our key principles for change here. The mountain would be named for Black Elk’s vision that day. Indigenous Justice Issues Tehuwatilihwas Kenhase Ukwekoku, “They will speak for the Indigenous People”, was founded in November 2016. Custer, a Civil War veteran turned Indian fighter, discovered gold in 1874 near the town that now bears his name. Difficult memories of his youth kept him from focusing on them for most of his life. The most prominent of these studies include two such inquiries in Alberta, one in Saskatchewan, one in Manitoba and three at the federal level, including the major Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples. Long revered by many Indigenous peoples, the Black Hills are now also at the center of the NDN Collective’s LandBack campaign. on environmental justice. Seeking Justice premieres at 7:30 p.m. on Channel 2. “It was illegal to talk about the (1868) treaty” when the treaty council formed in 1894, “just like the language was prohibited, just like our religion was prohibited by the American government.” But times have changed: White Face believes that her grandmother’s treaty knowledge, which survived government suppression, can be useful for the “land back” campaign. For example, in 2014, a significantly higher proportion of Indigenous people than non-Indigenous people in Canada (aged 15+) reported being victimized in the previous … (Peltier has always maintained his innocence.) In 1877, under the administration of President Ulysses S. Grant, the former Union general, the 1868 treaty was abrogated. Some good steps have already been taken, from announcements of new funding to agreements on self-determining Indigenous education systems, but a legacy of chronic underfunding of Indigenous education leads to a staggering injustice today: in spring 2018 the Auditor General reported that the real grade 12 graduation rate for Indigenous students is 24 percent compared to the national average of … Soon, deputies announced that the assembly was unlawful, and the Air National Guard moved in, dressed in riot gear, pushing the protesters back and firing pepper balls at the retreating crowd. Karen Gude (, 202-564-9567, Pat Childers (, 202-564-1082, Erika Wilson (, 202-343-9113, Office of Chemical Safety and Pollution Prevention, Amanda Hauff ( 202-566-0603, Office of Enforcement and Compliance Assurance, Jonathan Binder (, 202-564-2516, Danielle Ridley (, 202-564-6179, Aaron Wishnuff, (, 202-564-1134, Allison Hoppe (, 202-564-6628, Elizabeth (Beth) Jackson (, 202-566-6633, Office of International and Tribal Affairs, Abby Cruz (, 202-564-5999, Danny Gogal (, 202-564-2576, Sharon Wells (, 617-918-107, Grant Jonathan ( 212-637-3843, Towana Joseph (, 212-637-3866, Lance Caldwell (, 212-637-3665, Reggie Harris (, 215-814-2988, Samantha Phillips Beers (, 215-814-2627, Brian Hamilton (, 215-814-5497, Katherine Pugh (, 404-562-8351, Tami Thomas-Burton (, 404-562-8027, Alan Walts (, 312-353-8894, Randy Gee (, 214-665-8355, Althea Moses (, 913-551-7649, Elizabeth Kramer (, 913-551-7186, Pat Rogers ( 303-312-6925, Jean Belille ( 303-312-6556, Ruben Mojica Hernandez ( 415-972-3268, Jill Nogi (, 206-553-1841. However, EPA was also asked to work with other indigenous peoples, including tribal members and grassroots organizations. Edit me in "Issues -> Peace and Justice This lorem Lorem Ipsum comes from sections 1.10.32 and 1.10.33 of "de Finibus Bonorum et asdjflk;adsf asdflkj. Work with indigenous peoples (state recognized tribes, tribal members, etc.) He blamed “cancel culture” — which he called “the very definition of totalitarianism” — for the recent toppling of Confederate statues and monuments and other controversial historical figures. the Black Hills for generations. All that happened just down the road from Tilsen’s home. Tilsen believes the police are trying “to coin me as a radical fringe activist.” He’s a father of four whose organization is currently running a nationwide emergency COVID-19 relief effort for Native communities. The second tribal consultation period, which focused on the Working Draft of the Policy, started in November 2012 and concluded in February 2013. Free speech and protest But Stone Mountain was too geopolitically specific — too distinctly Southern — to capture his grand nationalist vision. “What South Dakota and the National Park Service call ‘a shrine to democracy’ is actually an international symbol of white supremacy,” Tilsen said. They enjoyed a peaceful interrelationship with each other and this contributed to their rich culture which encompassed religion and among other social issues. NDN Collective President Nick Tilsen, 38, in his office in November in Rapid City, South Dakota. It is, after all, deep in his family history. Since the creation of the Agency’s environmental justice program in 1992, EPA understood the need to work with both federally recognized tribes and all other indigenous peoples to effectively provide for environmental and public health protection in Indian country and in areas of interest to tribes and other indigenous peoples. An official website of the United States government. In 1970, at the height of the Red Power movement, John (Fire) Lame Deer, a Lakota holy man, climbed the monument and sat on Teddy Roosevelt’s head, “giving him a headache, maybe.” Native students and activists had taken over Alcatraz Island in the San Francisco Bay a year earlier. She and two other Lakota women hid from park rangers and police, braving lightning storms as they made their way up the mountain. Trump’s arrival only inflamed the long-standing tensions between tribes and the state of South Dakota. The ACHP focused on their authorizing federal laws, regulations, and recent policy developments in TK. specified by the tribe as well as seeds adapted to the site-specific growing conditions. A group of Trump supporters stood behind the police line, she said, shouting at the crowd “to go back to where you come from.” “It was really heartbreaking to hear them to say, ‘Go back,’” she said. The next year, the Daughters of the Confederacy drafted a plan to commemorate the occasion with a memorial. Below are some examples of how the Policy is being implemented. Justice groups issue five-point plan to reduce Indigenous imprisonment. Tilsen is facing charges for his role in protesting President Trump’s visit to Mount Rushmore in July. South Dakota lawmakers feared another massive protest like Standing Rock in 2016. ", Traditional Knowledge (TK) - Considerations by Federal Government Side Event. The third and final tribal consultation and public comment periods, held May 5 to June 5, 2014. Former Administrator Gina McCarthy signing the memo to issue the policy during a meeting of the EPA National Tribal Operations Committee, held at EPA Headquarters. Many Lakota people, like Tilsen, view the national monument, which attracts 2 million visitors a year, as a desecration of a spiritual landscape. At the Grasse River Superfund Site in New York, EPA worked collaboratively with the Saint Regis Mohawk Tribe on the design of the cleanup of contaminated sediment along the shores of the Grasse River, specifically with thoughtful attention to habitat reconstruction and application of Traditional Ecological Knowledge (TEK) to the restoration of habitats following cleanup. South Dakota backed down. In this way, the long term effects of symbolic ... Social Justice: Indigenous Rights and Australia’s Future (2003), pp 144-145. Peace & Justice. on the Pine Ridge Reservation, Ten Fingers watched the George Floyd protests erupt in Minneapolis and spread across the nation. ... Indigenous affairs was one of two major issues that the national federation reform council would address, he said. When the shield was returned, the word “POLICE” had been spray-painted over and replaced by the slogan “LAND BACK.” That slogan put the Black Hills at the center of a movement whose unequivocal demands are rooted in a long, hard-fought history. A tribal radio station was among the original demands behind the 71-day armed takeover of Wounded Knee; activists hoped that publicly broadcasting council meetings would end tribal government corruption. In Lakota Country — where the shadows of history linger, on the land and in one’s family tree — a new generation is continuing the fight. Tailyr Irvine/High Country News, Nick Estes (Lower Brule Sioux Tribe) is an assistant professor of American studies at the University of New Mexico and the author of Our History is the Future: Standing Rock Versus the Dakota Access Pipeline, and the Long Tradition of Indigenous Resistance (Verso, 2019). And they continue to be a crucial part of the strategic position that sustained Native resistance to white encroachment. OLEM’s cleanup programs (including national and regional programs) address contaminated soil, groundwater, surface water, sediments, air, and other environmental media. For many years, EPA’s tribal program and environmental justice programs focused on helping federally recognized tribes develop their own environmental programs. “The momentum of the Black Lives Matter movement also created (a space) for Indigenous sovereignty,” she said. His daughters and his partner Katie are the reasons he now makes time for that reflection with his writing the by-product. Lee Brightman, the Lakota founder of United Native Americans, explained the camp’s goals: “We want payment for the Black Hills, for all the minerals mined, for the timber taken out. “Do you know, it’s my dream to have my face on Mount Rushmore,” Trump told South Dakota Republican Gov. They brought in their culture and values which were strange to the indigenous people … This consultation overlapped with the indigenous peoples and public comment period held January through February 2013. But the Lakota position remains unwavering, as shown by the popular slogan, “The Black Hills are not for sale!” The relationship with He Sapa cannot be translated into money. Combining elements of legal issues, human rights issues, and sovereignty issues, Indigenous Environmental Justice creates a clear example of community resilience in the face of corporate greed and state indifference. “Not only has this been a long generational battle, it is also part of this current moment,” said Krystal Two Bulls. NPQ’s latest webinar in its Remaking the Economy series builds on this quarter’s edition of the Nonprofit Quarterly magazine, which, in partnership with the First Nations Development Institute (“First Nations”), lifts up indigenous voices to explore environmental justice and their connection to culture, land, people, and the economy. Topics discussed include community crime prevention, Aboriginal and police relations, juvenile justice, the judiciary, Aboriginal women and the law, corrections, and the media. Tilsen’s home, Oglala Lakota County, is one of them. “It was to hold space and connect our issue to the world,” Tilsen explained. In Australia, racial justice activists have focused renewed attention on the deaths of Aboriginal people in custody—an issue that has been studied and … CAID is about a practical approach to rebuilding what was destroyed; Indigenous societal infrastructure and a shared destiny in Canada.
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